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The second issue of Cedefop’s magazine Skillset and Match is available to read and download.
In times of economic downturn and high youth unemployment, Italy has set itself a strategic objective to strengthen VET and to expand apprenticeship-type schemes. A recent policy package, with a focus on the youth guarantee scheme and measures to reduce red tape for enterprises and promote inter-firm cooperation, reflects the need to link education and training better with the labour market, extend work-based learning schemes, ensure teachers’ and trainers’ professional development, and strengthen vocational guidance. This report provides an insight into Italian VET and recent developments.
Work by Cedefop has shown that participation in training has a positive effect on the probability of finding a job. This study adds to such results by showing that learning can support labour market transitions of adult workers by increasing their adaptability to a changing environment. The study offers a colourful mosaic of life and career patterns, and intends to increase awareness of the importance of the various policies – guidance, counselling, and participation in education and training – that can effectively support adults in making better career decisions.
For European companies, correctly assessing skills and competence is a crucial factor in recruitment and human resource management. But enterprises do not focus equally on all staff. Competence assessment practices predominantly target executives and technical specialists, and company size influences the way assessments are carried out. Moreover, outcomes of such assessments are mainly used for internal company purposes; validating employee skills within the company is thus of limited help to people seeking alternative employment or further learning. Based on a survey of 400 enterprises, 20 in-depth case studies and interviews with human resource experts in 10 countries, this report analyses the main purposes of competence assessment, the standards and methods applied, the employee groups targeted and the way results are documented and used.
By providing an insight into the main features and current developments, this short description contributes to a better understanding of vocational education and training (VET) in Greece and the challenges that lie ahead, such as high youth unemployment and other labour market imbalances.
Recent reform initiatives aim to make VET more attractive in a country where the worlds of education and training and work have been quite apart. Recent legislation aims to reinforce work-based components of education and training, thus strengthening links with the labour market. Anticipating skill needs should also become part and parcel of educational policy. Provided all partners within the education and training field and the labour market are committed to their implementation, these reforms can go a long way towards addressing the challenges the country currently faces.
Previous studies on how attractive people find vocational education and training (VET) as learning path have focused on the influence of specific characteristics of the initial VET system. These include the provision of guidance and counselling, the chances to move on to higher education, the qualifications system, or quality assurance for thee raining provided. But even though an IVET system produces good outcomes it is not necessarily seen as an attractive learning option. This study reveals other wider issues that be crucial to understanding what makes initial VET and attractive option to potential students. It shows that the composition and respective strengths of the labour market, expenditure on vocational education, as well as wider factors such as views of family members, perceptions about the quality of VET and the wider educational context all play a role. The study concludes with several insights on how to influence perceptions of VET.
Eleven years after the first meeting on the creation of a credit transfer system for vocational education and training (ECVET), how committed are countries to applying VET credit transfer to their wider qualifications systems? Using information provided by social partners, national and regional authorities and credit transfer system experts, this fourth annual report on ECVET looks into how far 38 countries/regions have come in testing, using, and committing to applying ECVET in qualifications; and examines which countries have put this development on hold, and why.
A concise guide to Norway's VET system, outlining its distinctive features and challenges.