The degrees awarded in French higher education reflect a common European architecture. The LMD system—for Licence (bachelor), Master, and Doctorate—is based on the number of semesters completed after leaving secondary school and their equivalent in European credits under the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).
• The universities confer “national diplomas,” which have the same weight regardless of the institution that confers them.
• The Titre d’ingénieur is a national diploma. The schools that award it are accredited by CTI, the French national commission on engineering degrees.
• A similar accreditation procedure exists for government-recognized schools of business and management, the diplomas of which are approved by the French state and, in many cases, have received international recognition or accreditation.
• France’s schools of art and specialized schools also undergo national certification. More...