16 janvier 2014

MOOCs sind noch nicht gut genug

http://www.epapercatalog.com/images/zeit-online-epaper.jpgVon Astrid Herbold. MOOCs, kostenlose Onlineseminare, sollen die Bildung revolutionieren. Ihr Erfinder warnt im "Tagesspiegel"-Interview: Es gibt didaktische und finanzielle Grenzen.
Frage: Herr Thrun, Sie haben vor zwei Jahren mit einem einzigen Seminar zum Thema künstliche Intelligenz 160.000 Studenten weltweit übers Internet erreicht – das war die Geburtsstunde der MOOCs, der "Massive Open Online Courses". Seitdem haben etliche Unis kostenlose Kurse ins Netz gestellt. Große Hoffnungen gehen mit den MOOCs einher, viele sprechen von einer beginnenden Bildungsrevolution. Jetzt hat ausgerechnet Ihre Plattform Udacity angekündigt, das MOOC-Modell grundlegend zu überarbeiten. Woher der Sinneswandel?
Sebastian Thrun: Es hat sich herausgestellt, dass die erste Version, der MOOC 1.0, einfach noch nicht gut genug ist. Der MOOC 1.0 hat zwar eine Menge Erfolg gehabt beim Erreichen von Hunderttausenden von Studenten. Einer unserer Kurse bei Udacity hatte sogar fast 400.000 Studenten. Mehr...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:36 - - Permalien [#]

Ausländische Studenten: Chinesen sind weiter ganz vorn

SPIEGEL ONLINEAusländische Studenten mögen Deutschland, die meisten kommen aus China, Russland und Österreich. Eine neue Umfrage ergab: Die Gaststudenten werden nicht nur mehr, sie sind auch zufriedener mit der Betreuung als früher.
Deutschland ist bei ausländischen Studenten weiterhin sehr beliebt: 61 Prozent der im Sommersemester 2012 befragten Ausländer, die zum Studium nach Deutschland gekommen waren, sagten, Deutschland sei ihre erste Wahl gewesen. 2009 war nur bei etwa jedem zweiten Bildungsausländer (47 Prozent) Deutschland das Lieblingsziel.
Die Zahl der ausländischen Studenten stieg 2012 auf 192.853. Herkunftsland Nummer eins ist China, gefolgt von Russland, Österreich, Bulgarien, Polen, der Türkei und der Ukraine sowie Indien. Erstmals schaffte Brasilien den Sprung unter die Top 20, wie das Bundesbildungsministerium und das Deutsche Studentenwerk (DSW) am Freitag mitteilten. Mehr...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:30 - - Permalien [#]

Panne bei Online-Prüfung in Zürich: Server bremst Studenten aus

SPIEGEL ONLINEZum ersten Mal sollten Jura-Studenten der Uni Zürich eine Prüfung online ablegen. Doch das ging daneben. Der Server lahmte, statt Fragen hagelte es Fehlermeldungen - und so konnten einige Prüflinge nur tatenlos zugucken, wie die Zeit ablief.
Die Jura-Fakultät der Universität Zürich war sehr stolz: Erstmals sollten die vielen Erstsemester ihre Prüfungen online ablegen. Das sollte Zeit und Aufwand sparen und den Prüflingen ermöglichen, die Tests im Fall der Fälle innerhalb kurzer Zeit wiederholen zu können. Mehr...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:28 - - Permalien [#]

How to find your funding for a PhD

http://static.guim.co.uk/static/c55907932af8ee96c21b7d89a9ebeedb4602fbbf/common/images/logos/the-guardian/news.gifBy . After you get the green light for your PhD comes the tricky issue of working out how to pay for it. The euphoria that accompanies the moment you find out your research proposal has been accepted by a university can quickly give way to panic over where the funding will come from. The university is the first place to start, as the seven research councils allocate funds to departments rather than individuals. Universities also offer their own scholarships but competition for these is fierce. Most doctoral students either work part time to fund their studies or find a mixture of smaller grants from charities, organisations or industry. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:54 - - Permalien [#]

Should universities ban part-time work for students?

http://static.guim.co.uk/static/c55907932af8ee96c21b7d89a9ebeedb4602fbbf/common/images/logos/the-guardian/news.gifBy and . Can a part-time job help when you graduate or should students be fully focused on their studies? Two students debate the issue. There's no way I could have held down a part-time job as an undergraduate. With relatively short eight-week terms, at least three essays constantly on the go, and a never-ending reading list, on top of the extra-curricular commitments so crucial for one's CV, I would have burned out. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:52 - - Permalien [#]

Fate of student opportunity fund to be decided by coalition heads

http://static.guim.co.uk/static/c55907932af8ee96c21b7d89a9ebeedb4602fbbf/common/images/logos/the-guardian/news.gifBy  and . Danny Alexander, the Lib Dem Treasury secretary, said to favour scrapping entire £327m fund that supports poorer students. The fate of the student opportunity fund – which supports students from disadvantaged backgrounds attending university – will be decided on Thursday after a stalemate between the Treasury and the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (Bis) over cutting the £327m fund. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:49 - - Permalien [#]

MIXED BAG: MOOCs, eBooks, Circa, and Bulldozers

http://chronicle.com/img/photos/biz/ubiquitouslibrarian-45.pngBy Brian Mathews. Our spring semester begins next week. It’s always a shock to the system when the students return to campus. This is especially exaggerated in a small town like Blacksburg where they account for over half of the population. I have several blog posts in the pipeline, but today I wanted to tie a few loose ends together. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:44 - - Permalien [#]

Thoughts on Open Access Panels

By Konrad M. Lawson. Strong supporters of Open Access come to their position by many roads. My views developed partly from my own background, going from a university with relatively limited access to books and resources in my area of research, then to one where it felt like my access had almost no limits, and finally to work at a university where access to books and resources in my area is still limited. They are also the product of my interactions with some amazing historians who do their work outside of universities and greatly depend, in their day to day work, on their local libraries and whatever materials they can find on the open web. When one presenter at a recent open access panel at the American Historical Association asked the important question, “To what problem is Open Access the answer?” the first answer that came to my mind was rather simple, “My problem, and the problem faced by people whose historical work I care about: access.” More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:23 - - Permalien [#]

Moths to the Flame of Meaning

http://chronicle.com/img/photos/biz/icons/lingua-franca-nameplate.pngBy Geoffrey Pullum. At the end of the English-syntax course I co-taught last semester, my colleague and I set a number of examination questions designed to test students ability to argue points about syntactic structure. This one will serve as an example:
Although the following two sentences exhibit a superficial similarity, they contrast sharply in syntactic terms:
[1] I saw Jane with her new boyfriend in the bar.
[2] I saw Jane and her new boyfriend in the bar.
Show that these two sentences have radically different syntactic structures, using at least two different syntactic arguments. Getting students to answer questions of that kind involves changing the whole way they think about language. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:20 - - Permalien [#]

Playing Heedless Politics at MLA

By Cary Nelson. The Modern Language Association’s Delegate Assembly, which met in Chicago on January 11, was a circus with a surfeit of clowns, incompetently run by people who had mastered neither Robert’s Rules of Order nor the association’s own procedures. After hours of debate and by a slim margin, the assembly voted to endorse a resolution urging the U.S. State Department to protest Israeli travel restrictions to Palestinian universities on the West Bank. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:15 - - Permalien [#]