27 février 2013

Funding cuts ‘threaten historic university buildings’

http://bathknightblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/telegraph-logo.jpgBy Graeme Paton. Historic university buildings are under threat after cash for the upkeep of campuses was slashed by a quarter in just 12 months, it was claimed today.  The amount of Government money allocated to universities for capital works dropped from £243.2m in 2011/12 to just £182m this year. Oxford and Cambridge – which have buildings up to 700-years-old – have seen their budgets cut by around a third, it was revealed. Data published by Labour also revealed that other top universities such as Birmingham and Queen Mary had funding slashed by almost 40 per cent while some lost more than half in a year. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 00:00 - - Permalien [#]


09 février 2013

Il faut augmenter le budget du programme "Erasmus"

 Par Yves Bertoncini, Guillaume Klossa, Franziska Brantner. François Hollande a rappelé, mardi 5 février, alors qu'il répondait aux questions des parlementaires européens à Strasbourg, que, si l'Europe doit avoir une seule priorité, cela devait être la jeunesse. Nous partageons son opinion et nous l'invitons avec ses collègues chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement à traduire en réalité budgétaire concrète cette ambition nécessaire à l'intégration sociale et professionnelle de millions de jeunes en Europe. Nous comprendrons le cas échéant que la France s'oppose à un budget qui ne prendrait pas correctement en compte cette priorité. Il est temps que l'Union européenne (UE) et ses Etats-membres rompent le cercle infernal de leurs contradictions. Conseil européen après Conseil européen, nos dirigeants appellent à une Europe proche de ses citoyens et soucieuse de sa jeunesse.
PROGRAMME EMBLÉMATIQUE, CITÉ EN EXEMPLE PAR LE CONGRÈS AMÉRICAIN

Mais, quand l'heure de vérité approche et qu'ils ont l'occasion d'adresser un signal fort à des jeunes en plein désarroi, ils choisissent une sortie par le bas. Dernier exemple en date, Erasmus, ce programme emblématique, cité en exemple par le Congrès américain, dont l'Asie souhaite s'inspirer pour favoriser la mobilité de ses jeunes, et que les Européens maltraitent, mégotant sur quelques milliards d'euros d'abondement supplémentaire. Dans le projet de cadre financier 2014-2020 discuté les 7 et 8 février, le financement du programme "Erasmus pour tous" représentera moins de 2% d'un budget global de 1000 milliards d'euros. Dix-neuf milliards d'euros sur sept ans, soit à peine plus de 2 milliards par an, afin de permettre à des dizaines de millions de jeunes d'ouvrir leurs horizons et contribuer à une meilleure intégration sur le marché du travail, ce n'est déjà pas beaucoup. Suite de l'article...

Yves Bertoncini, William Klossa, Franziska Brantner. François Hollande glaodh ar ais Dé Máirt 5 Feabhra, nuair a fhreagair sé ceisteanna ó Pharlaimint na hEorpa i Strasbourg, má tá an Eoraip go mbeadh tosaíocht amháin, caithfidh sé a bheith óige. Roinnt againn a thuairim agus tugaimid cuireadh lena gceann eile stáit agus rialtais a aistriú i ndáiríre nithiúla den bhuiséad gá le haghaidh an comhtháthú uaillmhianach sóisialta agus gairmiúil na milliúin daoine san Eoraip. Níos mó...

Posté par pcassuto à 11:04 - - Permalien [#]
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01 décembre 2012

Budget turmoil at the EU level

The month of November brought fierce budgetary negotiations at the European level between the EU institutions, but without much progress. The talks referred, on the one hand, to the proposed EU budget for the year 2013, and coupled with that a request from the European Commission to amend the 2012 budget (the so-called “amending budget 6” proposal), and on the other hand, the budgetary negotiators for the multiannual financial framework 2014-2020.
Last month, negotiations over the 2013 budget between the European Parliament (EP) and the EU member states grouped in the Council reached a dead end, following stark disagreement between the two EU institutions (see ACA Newsletter – Education Europe, October 2012). As previously reported, a conciliation procedure was subsequently started, meant to bring the two EU institutions to reach a solution. Nevertheless, the conciliation procedure collapsed on 14 November, when MEPs decided to unilaterally suspend negotiations because the Council refused to accept the amendment request proposed by the European Commission for the 2012 budget (worth EUR 8.9 billion), which was clearly backed by the EP. Consequently, the European Commission was asked to present a new Draft Budget for the year 2013 facilitating convergence between the positions of the two other EU institutions, which it did, on 26 November. In financial terms, the differences between the “old” and the “new” Draft 2013 budget are marginal. The new Draft Budget, as well as the (unmodified) Commission’s proposal for amending the 2012 budget are now again on the table of the EP and the Council, who must again search for an agreement.
On 22-23 November European leaders convened in Brussels for an extraordinary summit to discuss (and agree on) the EU budget for the next 7-year financial framework (the period 2014-2020), following a call from the Cypriot chair of the Council to “go below the Commission’s proposal” (worth EUR 1 033 billion, i.e. approx. 1% of European GNI). The summit ended without a common solution being reached. Fearing stark budgetary reductions compared to the Commission’s proposals for the Erasmus for All and Horizon 2020 programmes, the higher education and the research communities mobilised themselves and launched strong calls for caution. Close to 150 000 scientists and researchers from around the world as well as 44 Nobel Prize laureates signed by the end of November an online petitionA top priority for Europe: secure the EU research and innovation budget! – asking the EU leaders to safeguard investment in research, which is crucial particularly in times of crisis. In parallel, more than 100 personalities from all EU member states urged EU leaders through and open letter to back up Erasmus.

European Parliament

European Commission

Researchers’ petition

Erasmus open letter.

Posté par pcassuto à 11:25 - - Permalien [#]

20 novembre 2012

La dépense de formation et d'apprentissage stagne en 2010 à 31,5 milliards d’€

http://www.wk-rh.fr/actualites/upload/social/social_actu60171_photo.pngLa dépense de formation a presque stagnée en 2010 atteignant 31,5 milliards d’€, dont 6,3 milliards ont été gérés par les Opca pour le compte des entreprises, note une étude de la Dares publiée le 9 novembre. L’État retrouve, par ailleurs, sa deuxième position dans l’ordre des financeurs.
Alors que la France a connu en 2010 une croissance fragile, les dépenses consacrées à la formation professionnelle ont atteint 31,5 milliards d’€, soit seulement 2 millions de plus qu’en 2009, constate la Dares dans une étude publiée le 9 novembre. Après une progression continue représentant plus de 8 milliards d’€ depuis 2002, la dépense de formation retrouve en 2010 un rythme de croissance proche de celui observé au début des années 2000. Rapporté au PIB, l’effort de formation a même reculé de 0,1 point en un an et s’établit à 1,6%. La hiérarchie des financeurs est modifiée. Les entreprises restent en tête, mais l’État redevient le 2e contributeur devant les régions. Suite de l'article...
Voir aussi Stabilité du montant de la dépense pour la formation professionnelle continue et l’apprentissage, baisse de sa part dans le PIB.

http://www.wk-rh.fr/actualites/upload/social/social_actu60171_photo.png Training expenditure has almost stagnated in 2010 reaching 31.5 billion €, of which 6.3 billion were managed by Opca on behalf of companies, notes a study published November 9 Dares. The State finds, moreover, his second position in the order of funders.
While France had in 2010 a fragile growth, spending on vocational training reached 31.5 billion €, only 2 million more than in 2009, says the study published in Dares November 9 .
After a steady increase representing more than 8 billion € since 2002, training expenditure in 2010 found a rate of growth similar to that observed in the early 2000s. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:51 - - Permalien [#]

02 novembre 2012

FAQ on Erasmus and its budget

European Commission logoOn 23 October, the European Commission asked the Council and the European Parliament to urgently bridge a €9 billion shortfall in the 2012 EU budget; without this cash injection, several of its funding programmes, including the flagship Erasmus student exchange scheme, will be at risk.
See IP/12/1137.
The Commission's amending budget proposal highlights a €180 million deficit in the Lifelong Learning Programme budget, with €90 million needed to meet commitments to Erasmus students, as well as a shortfall of €102 million for researchers supported by the Marie Curie Actions.
The Erasmus programme enables students in higher education to spend between 3 and 12 months in another European country – either for studies or for a placement in a company or other organisation. Any student enrolled in a participating higher education institution in one of the 33 Erasmus countries can benefit (EU Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey). Erasmus is a part of the EU's Lifelong Learning programme and accounts for more than 40% of its budget. The Lifelong Learning programme also covers the Leonardo da Vinci programme (vocational education and training, at least 25% of the budget), the Comenius programme (school education, at least 13% of the budget) and the Grundtvig programme (adult education, at least 4% of the budget).
What is the origin of the current funding problem for Erasmus?
The European Commission's proposal for the overall EU budget for 2012 amounted to €132.7 billion. However, the final budget, agreed by Member States and the European Parliament, was €129.1 billion. The 2012 budget also had to cover some €5 billion in unpaid bills held over from the previous 2011 EU budget, which was also underfunded. The Commission, the Council and Parliament agreed to take stock of budget implementation in the course of 2012 to see if additional funding would be necessary. The three institutions have been in regular contact regarding funding shortfalls affecting numerous programmes, however they have not reached an agreement. The 'amending' budget proposed on 23 October aims to bridge the deficits.
Will Erasmus run out of money before the end of 2012?

No. The European Commission has transferred 70% of Erasmus funding for the 2012-2013 academic year to national agencies in the participating countries, which distribute the money to universities and students. So during the current semester, up to the end of the year, there should be no problem in paying Erasmus grants to students who are going abroad for a study period or job placement.
Have students who went abroad between January and September 2012 received their grants?

Yes, if they have completed their exchange and submitted reports to their university, showing they completed their study period or placement. In this case, they will have received 100% of their grants. These grants are not affected by the current budget squeeze since national agencies, and as a consequence universities and vocational institutes, already received the necessary funding for the 2011-2012 academic year.
Will Erasmus students who go abroad between October 2012 and February 2013 receive a lower grant than they expected?

Students who go abroad in the first semester of the 2012-2013 academic year should not have a problem. However, if the shortfall in the 2012 EU budget is not resolved, funds from the 2013 budget will have to be used to cover the gap. Faced with the prospect of a continuing shortage of funds, universities and colleges are likely either to reduce the number of places they make available for the second semester of the 2012-2013 year, or to reduce the level of grants - which is likely to mean that students from more disadvantaged backgrounds will not able to take part in the scheme. If the full funding is made available, the Commission envisages that around 270 000 students will benefit from the Erasmus programme in 2012-2013.
How much has the Commission paid to national agencies so far? What is the shortfall?

The Commission has already transferred around 99% of the 2012 budget for the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP), which covers Erasmus, Leonardo Da Vinci, Comenius and Grundtvig. In total, it has transferred €925 million to national agencies in the participating countries and to the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) which runs part of the LLP. Around 45% of this sum is earmarked for Erasmus grants. The deficit in the 2012 budget means that the Commission has not been able to reimburse payment claims from national agencies for LLP grants totalling some €160 million.
The claims have been filed by the following national agencies: Austria €6.3 million, Belgium (French-speaking community) €3 million, Belgium (Dutch-speaking community) €4.7 million, Czech Republic €7.2 million, Estonia €2.8 million, Germany (Leonardo and Grundtvig) €14.5 million, Germany (Erasmus) €11.3 million, Germany (Comenius) €5.9 million, Ireland (Erasmus) €1.3 million, Ireland (Leonardo, Comenius and Grundtvig) €0.9 million, Italy €23.7 million, Latvia €3.7 million, Lithuania €4.3 million, Poland €29.5 million, Romania €12.9 million, Slovakia €5 million, Slovenia €2.7 million and UK (Erasmus and Comenius) €19.2 million.
The Commission also expects to receive further payment requests totalling around €60 million before the end of the year. The national agencies expected to present a payment request are Belgium (German-speaking community), Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Greece, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Spain and Sweden. The Commission will not be able to meet these payment demands either unless the EU budget receives an injection of funds, or only in 2013 when the new budget is available. Non-EU countries participating in Erasmus and its sister programmes pay to be part of the scheme.
What is the Commission doing to solve the problem?

The deficits concern practically all headings of the EU budget. The Commission is doing what it can to manage the situation, including proposing the transfer of any funds which will not be used elsewhere. This so-called 'Global Transfer proposal' has been proposed by the Commission and is now under discussion by Parliament and Council. This year, however, the sources which can be transferred amount to less than €500 million in total for all areas, which is not enough. That is why the Commission has asked the budgetary authority (European Parliament and Member States) to urgently increase their payments into the 2012 budget.
What will happen if Member States fail to make up the deficit?

The implementation of the Lifelong Learning Programme will be put at risk if Member States and the European Parliament do not agree on additional payments into the budget. It is expected that the first areas to be hit will be cooperation projects involving schools, adults and vocational training, while it will not be possible to pay Erasmus students and Leonardo Da Vinci apprentices the level of grants they expected. If the shortage of funding continues it could in some cases also affect the salaries of staff in the national agencies. The situation will initially improve in 2013 when funding from the new yearly budget is available. The Commission has proposed €1.09 billion in payments to support the Lifelong Learning Programme next year, of which roughly €490 million would be spent on Erasmus grants for students and staff on exchanges. But, if the Member States fail to make up the shortfall from 2012 (at least €180 million), the 2013 budget will be partially used to cover this negative balance and it is likely that it will have been totally used by mid-2013 – so even bigger problems are to be expected after that.
What part of EU budget goes to the Lifelong Learning programme?

The total EU budget 2007-2013 was €975 billion in current prices. The Lifelong Learning programme is €7 billion which represents 0.71%. The current shortfall for the LLP is about €180 million. The total proposed EU budget 2014-2020 is in current prices €1.156 trillion. The budget proposed for the future Erasmus for All programme is €19 billion, which represents 1.64% of this total.
How much does the EU spend on the Erasmus programme and how is it distributed?

In the current budgetary period (2007-13) the EU has allocated €3.1 billion for the Erasmus programme. In 2012 the allocation is €480 million and the estimate for 2013 is €490 million (see table below). This represents around 0.35% of the EU budget. During the 2012-2013 academic year, the number of Erasmus students since the launch of the scheme 25 years ago will reach 3 million. The EU provides annual grants to national agencies in the 33 participating countries. National agencies are responsible for organising calls for proposals and for signing grant agreements with universities, schools, colleges and other educational institutions in their country. Students apply for an Erasmus grants through their home university which is responsible for paying them the agreed grant.
The overall Erasmus budget for student and staff mobility is allocated to different countries on the basis of the following factors:

    Population: number of students, graduates and teachers in higher education (level 5-6 of the International standard classification of education, ISCED). Data is provided by Eurostat.
    Cost of living and distance between capital cities: used as corrective factors, applied to the population factor.
    Past performance indicator: calculated on the basis of the number of outbound staff and students in the past (using the latest available data).
Nearly 90% of the Erasmus budget is invested in student and staff mobility. Erasmus also supports cooperation projects and networks which account for around 4% of the budget. These are managed centrally by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) in Brussels. The remaining 6% of the Erasmus budget covers the operating costs of the agencies (average of 4.4%) and other actions including studies, conferences, university-business cooperation, Bologna secretariat, as well as preparatory work for the new university multidimensional ranking system.
More on Erasmus decentralised funds allocated to National Agencies...
For more information

Erasmus hits new record with 8.5% increase in student exchanges (IP/12/454)
More about the Erasmus programme and the Lifelong learning programme
Erasmus facts and figures [brochure]
Erasmus statistics

 

Posté par pcassuto à 09:06 - - Permalien [#]
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20 octobre 2012

FAQ on Erasmus and its budget

European Commission logoIn the last few days there has been a lot of speculation concerning the lack of funding for the Erasmus programme, which is part of the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP). This situation does not threaten current grants and there should be no problems for students studying or on a job placement abroad either now or in the coming semester. However, if no longer term solution is found, serious problems will appear later in 2013. The Commission will now request the Member States and the European Parliament to find a solution before the end of the year.
More information is available in this memo

The Erasmus programme enables students in higher education to spend between 3 and 12 months in another European country – either for studies or for a placement in a company or other organisation. Any student enrolled in a participating higher education institution in one of the 33 Erasmus countries can benefit (EU Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey). Erasmus is a part of the EU's Lifelong Learning programme and accounts for more than 40% of its budget. The Lifelong Learning programme also covers the Leonardo da Vinci programme (vocational education and training, at least 25% of the budget), the Comenius programme (school education, at least 13% of the budget) and the Grundtvig programme (adult education, at least 4% of the budget).
What is the origin of the current funding problem for Erasmus?
The European Commission's proposal for the overall EU budget for 2012 amounted to €132.7 billion. However, the final budget, agreed by Member States and the European Parliament, was €129.1 billion. The 2012 budget also had to cover some €5 billion in unpaid bills held over from the previous 2011 EU budget, which was also underfunded. The Commission, the Council and Parliament agreed to take stock of budget implementation in the course of 2012 to see if additional funding would be necessary. The three institutions have been in regular contact regarding funding shortfalls affecting numerous programmes, however they have not reached an agreement. Janusz Lewandowski, the Commissioner for financial programming and the budget, is expected to propose an 'amending' budget later this month to bridge the deficits.
Will Erasmus run out of money before the end of 2012?
No. The European Commission has transferred 70% of Erasmus funding for the 2012-2013 academic year to national agencies in the participating countries, which distribute the money to universities and students. So during the current semester, up to the end of the year, there should be no problem in paying Erasmus grants to students who are going abroad for a study period or job placement.
Have students who went abroad between January and September 2012 received their grants?

Yes, if they have completed their exchange and submitted reports to their university, showing they completed their study period or placement. In this case, they will have received 100% of their grants. These grants are not affected by the current budget squeeze since national agencies, and as a consequence universities and vocational institutes, already received the necessary funding for the 2011-2012 academic year.
Will Erasmus students who go abroad between October 2012 and February 2013 receive a lower grant than they expected?
Students who go abroad in the first semester of the 2012-2013 academic year should not have a problem. However, if the shortfall in the 2012 EU budget is not resolved, funds from the 2013 budget will need to be used to cover the gap. Faced with the prospect of a continuing shortage of funds, universities and colleges are likely either to reduce the number of places they make available for the second semester of the 2012-2013 year, or to reduce the level of grants - which is likely to mean that students from more disadvantaged backgrounds will not able to take part in the scheme. If the full funding is made available, the Commission envisages that around 270 000 students will benefit from the Erasmus programme in 2012-2013.
How much has the Commission paid to national agencies so far? What is the shortfall?
The Commission has already transferred around 99% of the 2012 budget for the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP), which covers Erasmus, Leonardo Da Vinci, Comenius and Grundtvig. In total, it has transferred €980 million to national agencies in the participating countries and to the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) which runs part of the LLP. Around 45% of this sum is earmarked for Erasmus grants. But this money does not match the grant commitments previously made for Erasmus and its sister programmes. The Commission was therefore recently forced to request an additional €180 million from the EU budget to meet its commitments under the LLP up to the end of 2012. The shortfall in the case of Erasmus this year amounts to around half of this sum i.e. €90 million.
The deficit in the 2012 budget means that the Commission has not been able to reimburse payment claims from national agencies for LLP grants totalling over €118 million. The claims have been filed by the following national agencies: Austria €6.3 million, Belgium (French-speaking community) €3 million, Belgium (Dutch-speaking community) €4.7 million, Czech Republic €7.2 million, Estonia €2.8 million, Germany (Leonardo programme) €14.5 million, Germany (Erasmus) €11.3 million, Germany (Comenius and Grundtvig) €5.9 million, Ireland (Erasmus) €1.3 million, Ireland (Leonardo, Comenius and Grundtvig) €0.9 million, Lithuania €4.3 million, Poland €29.5 million, Slovakia €5 million, Slovenia €2.7 million and UK (Erasmus and Comenius) €19 million.
The Commission also expects to receive further payment requests totalling around €100 million before the end of the year from Belgium (German-speaking community), Denmark, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Spain and Sweden. It will not be able to meet these payment demands either unless the EU budget receives an injection of funds, or only in 2013 when the new budget is available.
Non-EU countries participating in Erasmus and its sister programmes pay to be part of the scheme.

What is the Commission doing to solve the problem?
The deficits concern practically all headings of the EU budget. The Commission is doing what it can to manage the situation, including proposing the transfer of any funds which will not be used elsewhere. This so-called 'Global Transfer proposal' is currently being prepared by the Commission. This year, however, the sources which can be transferred amount to less than €500 million in total for all areas, which is not enough. That is why the Commission has to ask the budgetary authority (European Parliament and Member States) to urgently increase their payments into the 2012 budget.
What will happen if Member States fail to make up the deficit?
The implementation of the Lifelong Learning Programme will be put at risk if Member States and the European Parliament do not agree on additional payments into the budget. It is expected that the first areas to be hit will be cooperation projects involving schools, adults and vocational training, while it will not be possible to pay Erasmus students and Leonardo Da Vinci apprentices the level of grants they expected. If the shortage of funding continues it could in some cases also affect the salaries of staff in the national agencies. The situation will initially improve in 2013 when funding from the new yearly budget is available. The Commission has proposed €1.14 billion in payments to support the Lifelong Learning Programme next year, of which roughly €490 million would be spent on Erasmus grants for students and staff on exchanges. But, if the Member States fail to make up the shortfall from 2012 (at least €180 million), the 2013 budget will be partially used to cover this negative balance and it is likely that it will have been totally used by mid-2013 – so even bigger problems are to be expected after that.
What part of EU budget goes to the Lifelong Learning programme?
The total EU budget 2007-2013 was €975 billion in current prices. The Lifelong Learning programme is €7 billion which represents 0.71%. The current shortfall for the LLP is about €180 million. The total proposed EU budget 2014-2020 is in current prices €1.156 trillion. The budget proposed for the future Erasmus for All programme is €19 billion, which represents 1.64% of this total.
How much does the EU spend on the Erasmus programme and how is it distributed?
In the current budgetary period (2007-13) the EU has allocated €3.1 billion for the Erasmus programme. In 2012 the allocation is €480 million and the estimate for 2013 is €490 million (see table below). This represents around 0.35% of the EU budget. During the 2012-2013 academic year, the number of Erasmus students since the launch of the scheme 25 years ago will reach 3 million. The EU provides annual grants to national agencies in the 33 participating countries. National agencies are responsible for organising calls for proposals and for signing grant agreements with universities, schools, colleges and other educational institutions in their country. Students apply for an Erasmus grants through their home university which is responsible for paying them the agreed grant.
The overall Erasmus budget for student and staff mobility is allocated to different countries on the basis of the following factors:

  • Population: number of students, graduates and teachers in higher education (level 5-6 of the International standard classification of education, ISCED). Data is provided by Eurostat.

  • Cost of living and distance between capital cities: used as corrective factors, applied to the population factor.

  • Past performance indicator: calculated on the basis of the number of outbound staff and students in the past (using the latest available data).

Nearly 90% of the Erasmus budget is invested in student and staff mobility. Erasmus also supports cooperation projects and networks which account for around 4% of the budget. These are managed centrally by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) in Brussels. The remaining 6% of the Erasmus budget covers the operating costs of the agencies (average of 4.4%) and other actions including studies, conferences, university-business cooperation, Bologna secretariat, as well as preparatory work for the new university multidimensional ranking system. The table below shows the total Erasmus funds spent by year since 1988.
How is the monthly EU grant determined?
Erasmus grants are designed to cover part of the additional costs of living abroad and travel. Erasmus students do not pay tuition fees at their host institution abroad. In each country, the national agencies allocate the funds at their disposal to higher education institutions. A national agency can decide to give higher grants to fewer students (as is the case, for example, in Bulgaria, Cyprus and Turkey) or to give lower grants to more students (as for example in France and Italy), but has to respect a ceiling for grants set by the European Commission for every country of destination (see Lifelong Learning Programme Guide). The national agency allocates funds to applying institutions based on factors such as amounts requested or past performance. The institution can then decide on the exact monthly grant it pays to students (and the weekly or daily rate to staff) within a range set by the national agency; this range differs from country to country. The monthly grant depends on the destination country and the type of mobility. For instance, there has been a tendency to give higher grants for job placements than for studies abroad. The national agencies can increase the monthly grant for socio-economically disadvantaged students. Various sources of other co-financing from national, regional and local sources can complement the Erasmus grant given by the European Union. In 2010-11, the average monthly EU grant for student mobility ranged from €133 for Spanish students to €653 for students from Cyprus. Across all countries, the average monthly grant was €250.
How can students and staff apply for Erasmus grants?
The Erasmus programme is open to all students studying at higher education institutions holding an Erasmus University Charter in 33 participating countries (27 EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Turkey, Croatia and Switzerland). Most of Europe’s higher education institutions – more than 4 000 – have signed up to the Erasmus University Charter. The first step in applying for an Erasmus study period or job placement grant is to contact the international relations office at the home institution and to fill in a learning agreement for Erasmus studies or a training agreement for Erasmus placements before the mobility period. This agreements, which set out the programme to be followed by the student during her/his study period or placement, need to be approved and signed by the home institution, the host institution or company abroad, as well as the student. This both simplifies and ensures full academic recognition from the home institution for work satisfactorily completed during the Erasmus period.
Erasmus studies
: Those who want to carry out part of their studies abroad must be in at least their second year at a higher education institution.
Erasmus job placements
: students can take up an Erasmus placement from the first year of higher education studies.
Periods abroad – both for studies and for placements – can last from 3 to 12 months each, or a combined total of 24 months. For students in short-cycle higher vocational education the minimum duration for placements is two months.
Erasmus for staff:
Teaching staff are required to submit a teaching programme to their home institution or enterprise agreed by the host institution. Staff wishing to apply for an Erasmus training grant must similarly have their training programme agreed by their home institution and the host institution or enterprise.
Erasmus champions
In 2010-2011, Spain sent out most students for both studies and placements (36 183), followed by France (31 747) and Germany (30 274). Spain was also the most popular destination country with 37 432 incoming students, followed by France (27 722) and then Germany (24 733). The United Kingdom hosted twice as many students (24 474) as it sent abroad (12 833). A majority of countries sent out more students than they hosted. The best balance between incoming and out-bound students was recorded in Slovenia, followed by Spain and the Netherlands. 3 040 higher education institutions sent students on mobility exchanges, an increase of 6.6% on the previous year.
7.2% increase for Erasmus studies
During the academic year 2010-11 out of 231 408 Erasmus students, 190 495 went abroad for studies, an increase of 7.2% on 2009-10. The numbers going abroad for studies decreased in 3 countries (Luxembourg, Hungary and Poland) while 16 witnessed an above average increase. In relative terms the highest increase on 2009-10 figures was in Croatia (96.6%), followed by Liechtenstein (84.2%) and Cyprus (25.1%). On average, students went abroad to study for just over 6.4 months and the average grant was €232 (against €236 in the previous year).
Social sciences, business studies and law were the most popular subject areas for Erasmus students (34.7%), followed by humanities and arts (31.5%) and engineering, manufacturing and construction (12.6%).

15% increase in Erasmus job placements
Since 2007, Erasmus has offered students the opportunity to go abroad to gain work experience in companies or other organisations. In 2010-11 one-in-six Erasmus students – 40 913 out of 231 408 – chose this option, an increase of over 15% on the previous year. The average duration of a placement was 4.3 months and students received on average a monthly EU grant of €366 (down from €386 in 2009-10). As in recent years, France was the country sending the most students on Erasmus placements (5 958, with a 14.6% share), followed by Germany (5 096, 12.4% share) and Spain (4 756, 11.6%). The United Kingdom was the most popular destination for Erasmus placements, hosting 6 970 students (17% share), followed by Spain (6 852, 16.7% share) and Germany (5 614, that is 13.7%). To support work placements abroad, a higher education institution can create a consortium for placements. These consortia comprise higher education institutions (HEIs) and other organisations, such as companies or associations. In 2010-11, some 74 placement consortia were funded in 13 countries. Placement consortia found opportunities for more than 14% of placement students.
The largest group of students on Erasmus placements came from a social sciences, business and law background (26.6%), overtaking humanities and arts (17.1%) which had the biggest share the previous academic year, and followed by agriculture and veterinary students (15.4%), whose number was eight times that of the previous year.
How many higher education (bachelor and master) students are there in the Erasmus participating countries? How many of them spent part or all of their studies abroad in 2010-11?
Out of a total student population of more than 22.5 million in the then 32 participating countries, around 1% of them received Erasmus student mobility grants in 2010-11. In 2010, the total population in the EU-27 was around 18.5 million students. Assuming that the average study duration in higher education institutions is 4-5 years (bachelor and master), it can be estimated that around 4.5% of all European students receive Erasmus grants at some stage during their higher education studies. Of those, 67% are at bachelor level, 28% at master level, 1% doctoral level, and 4% in short-cycle studies. Around 10% of students in total have spent or are spending part or all of their studies abroad with the support of Erasmus or other public and private means.
At their meeting in Bucharest (Romania) on 26-27 April 2012
(IP/12/394), Higher Education Ministers adopted the Bologna Mobility Strategy which states that, by 2020, 20% of European higher education graduates will have spent part of their studies abroad, in line with the European benchmark for higher education mobility adopted in November 2011.
For more information
Erasmus hits new record with 8.5% increase in student exchanges (IP/12/454)
More about the Erasmus programme and the Lifelong learning programme
Erasmus facts and figures [brochure]
Erasmus statistics.

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07 octobre 2012

PAP 2013 pour la mission recherche et enseignement supérieur - MIRES

http://www.performance-publique.budget.gouv.fr/uploads/pics/visuel_pap_accueil_04.jpgProjet annuel de performances > Recherche et enseignement supérieur
Le PAP 2013 pour la mission recherche et enseignement supérieur récapitule les crédits et les emplois demandés pour 2013 en les détaillant par action, titre et catégorie. Elle inclut également une présentation de la programmation pluriannuelle des crédits de la MIRES, de leur évolution et des principales réformes sur la période 2013-2015. En savoir + > PAP – Annexe au projet de loi de finances pour 2013 – recherche et enseignement supérieur.
PRÉSENTATION DE LA PROGRAMMATION PLURIANNUELLE

Geneviève Fioraso, Ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, Delphine Batho, Ministre de l’Écologie, du Développement durable et de l’Énergie, Arnaud Montebourg, Ministre du Redressement productif, Jean-Yves Le Drian, Ministre de la Défense, Aurélie Filippetti, Ministre de la Culture et de la Communication, Stéphane Le Foll, Ministre de l’Agriculture, de l’Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt.
PRÉSENTATION STRATÉGIQUE DE LA MISSION
La mission « Recherche et enseignement supérieur » (MIRES) présente une forte dimension interministérielle, puisqu’elle réunit autour du ministère de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche (MESR) cinq autres ministères: le ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable et de l’énergie, le ministère de l’économie et des finances, le ministère de l’agriculture, de l’agroalimentaire et de la forêt, le ministère de la défense et le ministère de la culture et de la communication. En outre, par l’intermédiaire des co-tutelles d’organismes de recherche, elle associe également les ministères chargés de la santé, du travail et des affaires étrangères.
Sur le plan budgétaire, la MIRES représente l’une des plus importantes missions du budget de l’État en niveau de crédits. Elle intègre la quasi-totalité des dépenses de recherche civile de l’État et l’essentiel de ses dépenses d’enseignement supérieur puisque relèvent de cette mission, outre les établissements sous tutelle du ministère de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche, les écoles dépendant des ministères chargés de l’économie, de l’industrie et de l’agriculture.
Les politiques ainsi financées, qui s’inscrivent pleinement dans le cadre des grandes orientations de l’Union européenne, dépassent les programmes et les frontières des différents ministères parties prenantes de la MIRES.
Aussi les objectifs et indicateurs en matière de production scientifique, de valorisation de la recherche ou de participation à l’espace européen de la recherche sont-ils, dans une très large mesure, communs aux différents programmes de la MIRES. Les dispositifs de regroupement et de coopération au niveau des territoires associent universités, écoles et organismes relevant de l’ensemble des ministères de la MIRES.
Le Gouvernement a décidé de lancer des Assises de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche qui se tiendront à l’automne 2012, au cours desquelles seront particulièrement débattues les questions relatives à la réussite de tous les étudiants, à la définition d’une nouvelle ambition pour notre recherche et à la révision de la gouvernance du système français d’enseignement supérieur et de recherche. Elles permettront de fonder de nouvelles dispositions législatives qui seront soumises au Parlement au cours du premier semestre 2013.
Le document d’orientation produit par le ministère de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche et les premières décisions prises dans les différents secteurs ministériels permettent déjà de définir des priorités qui concernent à chaque fois plusieurs programmes et opérateurs de la mission interministérielle:
– La réussite des étudiants, et notamment celle des étudiants de licence, nécessite une approche coordonnée entre les différentes formations de ce cycle, une orientation améliorée, un développement des passerelles entre les différentes formations et une véritable rénovation pédagogique. Elle doit s’appuyer sur un système d’aide aux étudiants adapté aux besoins et sur une politique ambitieuse en faveur logement étudiant.
– L’objectif de partenariat renforcé et de rapprochement entre les différentes composantes du système français d’enseignement supérieur et de recherche (universités, écoles, organismes de recherche) doit être amplifié dans une logique de simplification et de lisibilité croissante. Cette simplification doit s’appliquer au niveau national, avec notamment une clarification du rôle des acteurs dans l’élaboration de la stratégie, l’évaluation et la programmation mais aussi au niveau territorial.
– Le système d’enseignement supérieur et de recherche français doit, tout en maîtrisant l’évolution de sa contribution aux grands projets internationaux, développer son attractivité au niveau international et européen par une plus grande ouverture à l’accueil des étudiants, des enseignants et des chercheurs étrangers et une plus grande présence dans les programmes européens.
L’enseignement supérieur et la recherche doivent être des leviers essentiels du redressement économique et social du pays et permettre de relancer les capacités d’innovation de notre système productif et de contribuer aux nouvelles filières créatrices d’emplois. Cet objectif passe non seulement par un développement de la recherche technologique mais aussi par une amélioration de notre système de transfert technologique.
L’enseignement supérieur et la recherche ont enfin un rôle essentiel d’expertise et d’appui aux politiques publiques, notamment pour favoriser le développement durable et la transition énergétique.
Télécharger le
PAP – Annexe au projet de loi de finances pour 2013 – recherche et enseignement supérieur.
http://www.performance-publique.budget.gouv.fr/uploads/pics/visuel_pap_accueil_04.jpg Annual performance plan> Research and Higher Education
PAP 2013 Mission Research and Higher Education summarizes the appropriations and jobs required for the retailer by 2013, action, title and category. It also includes an overview of the multi-annual programming of funds PATTERNS, their evolution and major reforms over the period 2013-2015. More> PAP - Annex to the draft budget law for 2013 - research and higher education. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 00:12 - - Permalien [#]

05 octobre 2012

EU has no cash for Erasmus student fund

The EU's Erasmus student exchange programme along with various social welfare schemes are nearly broke after cuts made to the 2012 budget by austerity-driven member states, a top lawmaker said Tuesday.
French conservative member of the European Parliament, Alain Lamassoure, who heads the budget committee, said that "the European social fund is bankrupt and can't refund member states.
"Next week it will be Erasmus, the student programme, at the end of the month, the Research and Innovation Fund."
Speaking at a news conference, Lamassoure blamed the shortfall on governments that fought for a four-billion-euro cut in the EU budget, in line with austerity policies across the 27-nation bloc. Budget Commissioner Janusz Lewandowski is due to ask member states for "several billion" extra in the coming weeks to plug a deficit Lamassoure estimated at 10 billion euros. Failing new contributions, the EU executive would be unable to reimburse monies owed to different member states, said Lamassoure. He estimated that the losses could amount to 400 million euros for France, 600 million euros for Greece, 900 million euros for Spain and up to 200 million euros for Britain.
"These countries have a right to these monies which are reimbursements. It isn't lost but they will have to wait to recover it," he said.
Britain, which led efforts to trim the 2012 EU budget, was shooting itself in the foot, he added, denouncing what he termed "an absurd situation."
The situation, however, is unlikely to change given that seven nations -- Austria, Britain, France, Germany, Finland, The Netherlands and Sweden -- have refused to sign on to European Commission proposals to increase expenditure in the 2013 budget by 6.8 percent, or nine billion euros, to 138 billion euros. The seven are net contributors to the budget, meaning that they contribute more than they receive from the EU.
Finland, France and Germany have called for a five-billion-euro cut in 2013 spending, including 3.5 billion euros that were destined for spending on economic growth, jobs and competition policies. The ERASMUS Programme - studying in Europe and more.

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03 octobre 2012

Budget de la recherche 2013 en progrès

http://sciences.blogs.liberation.fr/test/images/logo_libe.pngPar Sylvestre Huet. Le budget 2013 de la recherche suscite des réactions mesurées, mais pas franchement enthousiastes. Avec 2,2% d'augmentation, le budget de la Mission interministérielle recherche et enseignement supérieur atteint les 25,9 milliards d'euros et  les universités pourront créer 1000 postes (a priori un tiers d'enseignants chercheurs, un tiers de PRAG, un tiers de Biatoss). Le tout dans un budget général de l'Etat en baisse de 3,5%. Mais que signifient ces chiffres?
Geneviève Fioraso se félicite surtout d'avoir écarté le scénario catastrophe pourtant présenté par Bercy au début des discussions. D'après une source digne de foi, le point de départ était une baisse de 2,5% de la masse salariale (autrement dit zéro recrutement) et -7,5% en budget de fonctionnement, autrement dit l'abandon de nombreuses activités de recherche. Le simple fait que de tels chiffres aient pu entrer en discussion est assez dingue... tant ils sont en contradiction avec le discours officiel sur la sortie de crise par l'innovation et la recherche, les emplois qualifiés.
Budget 2013 evolIl faut aussi lui rendre hommage pour une présentation sincère des chiffres. Valérie Pécresse nous avait habitué à une valse des chiffres qui a longtemps dupé les naïfs, alignant sans les distinguer des vrais et des faux crédits, des emprunts et des crédits de paiement ou des intérêts futurs de capitaux placés. Résultat: les milliards qui pleuvaient sur la recherche et l'université sont restés virtuels, tandis que les bâtiments continuaient de se dégrader. Sans parler de l'énorme arnaque au 10ème mois de bourse pour les étudiants, annoncé mais non budgété.
Mais le point d'arrivée du budget 2013 ne doit pas pour autant se trouver magnifié au delà de son effet réel. Pour indiquer que l'effort est ciblé, Geneviève Fioraso insiste sur les dépenses pour la vie étudiante qui augmentent de 7,4%, pour beaucoup un effort en faveur du logement. Du coup, celles pour l'enseignement supérieur, à 12,76 milliards affichent une petite hausse de 2%. Et celles pour la recherche de... 1,2%, moins que l'inflation. Le document présentant le budget est ici sur le site web du ministère, il est assez général et ne comporte pas le détail par EPST et EPIC).
http://sciences.blogs.liberation.fr/test/images/logo_libe.png Με Sylvester t Hue. Η προϋπολογισμού για το 2013 από την έρευνα αυξάνει μετρηθεί απαντήσεις, αλλά δεν είναι πραγματικά ενθουσιώδης. Με αύξηση 2,2%, ο προϋπολογισμός της Διυπουργικής Αποστολής για την έρευνα και την τριτοβάθμια εκπαίδευση έφτασε € 25,9 δισεκατομμυρίων και τα πανεπιστήμια θα δημιουργήσει 1.000 θέσεις εργασίας (εκ των προτέρων το ένα τρίτο των διδασκόντων και των ερευνητών, το ένα τρίτο των PRAG, τρίτο του BIATOSS). Όλα σε ένα γενικό κρατικό προϋπολογισμό μειώθηκαν κατά 3,5%. Αλλά τι σημαίνουν αυτοί οι αριθμοί; Περισσότερα...

Posté par pcassuto à 00:27 - - Permalien [#]
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22 août 2012

Remediation Costing Colleges and Students Millions

http://www.educationnews.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/college1.jpgColleges are forced to spend on remedial courses, while students are forced to take classes for which they are charged full price but that offer no credit. Underperforming high schools are costing universities millions, as they have to spend a part of their budgets providing remediation to newly enrolled students who are unprepared to tackle college-level work. The schools, however, aren’t the only ones suffering. Year after year, students who lack the necessary literacy, numeracy or writing skills end up taking courses that are meant to get them up to speed, for which they earn no college credit but for which they have to pay full tuition.
Scott Knapp, President of Central Maine Community College in Auburn, said that his school feels like it has no choice but to spend its limited budget on remediation instead of capital and infrastructure upgrades or improving their programs or hiring more instructors. Even if the expenses were fully reimbursed by tuition payments, on the whole, he’d rather that his school was out of the remediation business, Knapp added.
It isn’t hard to understand why college and university administrators believe that by being forced to offer remedial courses, they are left to fix the mistakes left behind by failing secondary schools. Maine Governor Paul LePage agreed when he announced last week that he planned to introduce a legislation that would force high schools to shoulder the costs of their students’ college remediation. At the moment, LaPage said, he didn’t have the details of how such program would work, but he believed that this attempt to hold schools that fail to prepare their graduates for college monetarily accountable would be the first such attempt in the nation.
Parents and taxpayers pay twice when college students need remediation, LePage said, and charging local schools would give them extra incentive to ensure that students can meet standards before graduating.
College officials think this approach can not be tried soon enough. More than 50% of students entering the Maine’s community colleges now require remedial courses in at least one area, as do nearly 20% of students enrolling in the University of Maine System.
But these numbers aren’t nearly as bad as those in some parts of Florida’s Palm Beach Country School District. Although overall about 38% of students graduating from the district require remediation — which puts it roughly on par with the rest of the state — in some schools like Boynton Beach High School, up to 80% of graduates need help in either math, writing or reading when they enter college. That number is in sharp contrast with nearby Jupiter High School, where only 19% of graduates need additional help before they can tackle college-level work.
Experts commend Florida for its efforts to close the gap between high school and college and cut down on remediation rates. For instance, the state has been rolling out a new test called the Postsecondary Education Readiness Test, which was designed based on what Florida high schools and colleges said students needed to be successful in college.
Beginning this past school year, the state mandated that students who scored a 2 or 3 on their reading FCAT, or a 2, 3 or 4 on their math FCAT and have not otherwise demonstrated college readiness have to take the PERT in 11th grade — the goal being that it will help students and high schools identify areas for remediation before the student graduates.

Posté par pcassuto à 08:51 - - Permalien [#]