22 octobre 2019

Objective "Zero net artificialization": which levers should be used to protect soils?

France StratégieBiodiversity is currently undergoing massive and rapid erosion. The artificialization of soils is one of the main causes, because it destroys natural habitats and ecological continuities. It is, therefore, necessary to curb this phenomenon, and to renature artificial lands whenever possible. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 20:45 - - Permalien [#]

Autonomy of local and regional authorities: a European comparison

France StratégieFrance is characterised by a low level of public expenditure decentralisation. Only 20% of these expenditures are paid by local and regional authorities, compared to an average of 31% in the European Union. All the major neighbouring countries decentralize more than France, particularly in the areas of education and health. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 20:43 - - Permalien [#]

The impact of immigration on the labour market, public finances and economic growth - Literature review

France StratégieThe National Assembly’s Commission for Assessment and Monitoring has decided to work on the social and economic costs and benefits of immigration. To this effect, its president called upon the Prime Minister, who agreed, to instruct France Stratégie to carry out a study to determine the current state of knowledge in this area. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 20:42 - - Permalien [#]

Mediation: impossible? On mediations between citizens and administration

France StratégieLong after the Swedish justitieombudsman, a pioneer in the amicable resolution of disputes between private individuals and the public authorities since 1809, France embarked on this path in 1973, with the creation of the national Ombudsman, the Mediator of the Republic (Médiateur de la République). More...

Posté par pcassuto à 20:41 - - Permalien [#]

The geographical distribution of public sector posts

France StratégieAre public sector posts equitably distributed across France? This question is twofold, since it concerns both the appeal of regions and the accessibility of all citizens to public administrations. To clarify this question a distinction is made between “local” public sector posts, those designed to provide services for local users, and “non-local” public sector posts, those within Defense, justice, higher education, and public research; local and central government departments; and the head offices of regional authorities (22 % of the total). Such a distinction reveals two contrasting phenomena. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 20:40 - - Permalien [#]

Baromètre français de la Science Ouverte - Note Flash n°22 - Octobre 2019

ESR enseignementsup-recherche gouv frSelon le nouveau baromètre de la science ouverte, 41% des 133 000 publications scientifiques françaises (suivant les adresses d'affiliation des auteurs) publiées en 2017 sont en accès ouvert. L'étendue et le type d'ouverture sont caractérisés par de fortes disparités entre disciplines. Plus...

Posté par pcassuto à 17:00 - - Permalien [#]

Baromètre de la science ouverte : 41 % des publications scientifiques françaises sont en accès ouvert

ESR enseignementsup-recherche gouv frLe ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et de l'Innovation publie pour la première fois le baromètre de la science ouverte (BSO), qui a pour objectif de mesurer les progrès de l'accès ouvert aux productions de notre recherche : publications, données, code. Sa création s'inscrit dans le cadre du Plan National pour la Science Ouverte et du Plan d'Action National de la France au sein du Partenariat pour un Gouvernement Ouvert (PGO) qui regroupe 79 pays. Plus...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:00 - - Permalien [#]

African Scientific Network

By Stephen Downes - Stephen's Web. African Scientific Network
From the description: "African Scientific Network (ASN) is a network of African faculty members, students and colleagues, grass root African Scientific Organizations, interest groups for the development and promotion of science education and research in all disciplines including humanities. More significantly, this network is composed of the African Physics Forum, the African Naterials Research Society, the MRS-Africa Working Group, the African Mathematical Forum, the African Biotechnology Forum, African Telemedicine, African Chemistry Forum, The African Biology Forum, The African Laser Network and others". More...

Posté par pcassuto à 14:50 - - Permalien [#]

Games and Learning

By Stephen Downes - Stephen's Web. Games and Learning
This is a good paper, though it's frustrating to watch a completely undefended approach to learning being applied over and over again. The authors, after describing how games support learning in general, attempt to apply this to the formal environment. Part of the problem is a lack of experience with the games - the authors complain that the 'enemies' in war games are usually German, Vietnamese or Arab, for example, without realizing that in many games players can pick either side to play. But mostly, the authors' application of the games to a classroom environment contorts them - in the case study involving Civilization, for example, a value of the game is that players learn that there isn't a simple cause-effect relation between actions and consequences, but in the chart (pp. 18-19) the authors say that the players should be able to "infer from the feedback supplied how their actions have caused particular effects." In the recommendations (p.30) the authors state that "Educators should be clear about the exact learning goals they are hoping to achieve when using games". More...

Posté par pcassuto à 14:49 - - Permalien [#]

Is There a Future for Bibliographic Databases?

By Stephen Downes - Stephen's Web. Is There a Future for Bibliographic Databases?
Professional databases, such as Books in Print (BiP), WorldCat (WC), Ulrich's or the Serials Directory (SD), have been a valuable tool for researchers. But as this author argues, they are facing increasing pressure from companies like Google and Amazon, enough that they will have to change or die. In order to prevent being replaced by free services, the author argues, these databases will have to be a lot better than the competition - not just a little better, but pervasively better. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 14:48 - - Permalien [#]