HomeThe 2002 Copenhagen declaration set up a process of cooperation in vocational education and training (VET) in Europe, involving governments, social partners and EU institutions, with the participation of EU Member States, Norway, Iceland and candidate countries. While previous communiqués focused on general short-term objectives for VET (Maastricht, Helsinki, Bordeaux communiqués), a long-term vision for VET in 2020 was agreed in 2010 (Bruges communiqué), with a commitment to implement a series of actions by 2014. Building on the principles and achievements of the cooperation agreed in Bruges, actions in 2015-20 focus on five medium-term deliverables defined in the Riga conclusions (2015). These new deliverables reinforce the 2020 vision for VET forming an integral part of the Education and training 2020 strategic framework and its priorities with a proposed identical policy cycle up to 2020. More...