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Publication date: January 2019
Publication number:
9134
Publication type:

The January 2019 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: December 2018
Publication number:
3077
Publication type:

The European labour market is challenged by changes in the demographic composition of the labour force and by increasing work complexities and processes.

Available languages:
EN
How European and international initiatives help in renewing vocational education and training in European countries
Publication date: December 2018
Publication number:
5571
Publication type:

In a highly competitive global landscape, occupations are transformed, new jobs are created and the skills needed for the labour market are constantly changing.

Available languages:
EN
Developments in vocational education and training policy 2015-17
Publication date: November 2018
Publication number:
3079
Publication type:
Available languages:
EN
Publication date: November 2018
Publication number:
9133
Publication type:

To help in shaping future policies, a Cedefop project considers different routes and multiple options for vocational education and training (VET).

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
Volume 4: changing patterns of enrolment in upper secondary initial vocational education and training (IVET) 1995-2015
Publication date: October 2018
Publication number:
5568
Publication type:

This research paper is the fourth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18).

Available languages:
EN
Volume 5: education and labour market outcomes for graduates from different types of VET system in Europe
Publication date: October 2018
Publication number:
5569
Publication type:

This research paper is the fifth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18).

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: October 2018
Publication number:
4169
Publication type:

This publication is the final report of the flash thematic country review of apprenticeships (TCR) in Sweden.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: October 2018
Publication number:
4158
Publication type:

All you need to know about Cedefop's work in the field of European vocational education and training in a handy new brochure!

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: September 2018
Publication number:
9132
Publication type:

The European skills index is a monitoring tool, providing a snapshot of how countries’ skills systems perform. It depicts a complex reality in a single measure.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
Publication date: September 2018
Publication number:
9131
Publication type:

The September 2018 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: August 2018
Publication number:
4166
Publication type:

This report details Cedefop’s first cross-nation study of apprenticeships in the European Union. The point of departure for the study is what countries define and offer as apprenticeship training. It then applies a purposive approach to identifying the changes that apprenticeships are undergoing in practice, based on their design characteristics.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: July 2018
Publication number:
4164
Publication type:

This handbook supports the transfer and adaptation of career development tools used in guidance, early school leaving prevention, employment services, youth centres and other organisations.

Available languages:
EN
Volume 3: the responsiveness of European VET systems to external change (1995-2015)
Publication date: July 2018
Publication number:
5567
Publication type:

This publication is the third in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18).

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: July 2018
Publication number:
8127
Publication type:

Cedefop's concise guide takes a look at one of the most famous vocational education and training (VET) systems in Europe!

Available languages:
DE
EN
Publication date: June 2018
Publication number:
5566
Publication type:

Level descriptors are essential elements of national qualifications frameworks (NQF) established and implemented across Europe. They define what is meant by learning outcomes, describing what an individual is expected to know, be able to do and understand, having acquired a qualification at a particular level.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: June 2018
Publication number:
4162
Publication type:

Cedefop's programming document for 2018-20 outlines how the agency will support the European Commission, Member States and social partners to improve vocational education and training and raise skill levels.

Available languages:
EN
The role of vocational training in sustainable return to work
Publication date: June 2018
Publication number:
3076
Publication type:

Skill deficits are a major bottleneck in sustainable activation of the long-term unemployed. Those managing to get back to work often end up in less complex and skill-intensive jobs and have fewer opportunities to develop their potential.

Available languages:
EN
Cedefop’s new skills forecast identifies parallel and contradictory trends and challenges
Publication date: June 2018
Publication number:
9130
Publication type:

Work environments in the near future are expected to feature more autonomy, less routine, more use of ICT, reduced physical effort and increased social and intellectual tasks.

Cedefop’s regular skills supply and demand projections provide comprehensive information on labour market trends and skills development across Europe.

Available languages:
BG
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
Publication date: June 2018
Publication number:
4165
Publication type:

In 2017, Cedefop completed its entire work programme and added new activities. Detailed information on the EU agency's structure, role and activities can be found in its latest annual report.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2018
Publication number:
8121
Publication type:

A concise guide to Lithuania's vocational education and training (VET) system looks at the latest developments.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2018
Publication number:
8123
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) in Italy is characterised by multilevel governance with broad involvement of national, regional and local stakeholders.

Available languages:
EN
IT
Publication date: May 2018
Publication number:
8125
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) in Poland has three governance levels: national (ministries), regional (school superintendents, mainly in pedagogical supervision) and county (governing schools).

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2018
Publication number:
9129
Publication type:

The May 2018 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2018
Publication number:
8126
Publication type:

The Hungarian education system has undergone substantial transformation since the 1990s. Since 2013, governance of schools has been centralised and vocational education and training (VET) was reformed in 2015 to offer quality training in accordance with changing labour market needs.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2018
Publication number:
8122
Publication type:

Formal vocational education and training (VET) in Slovenia starts at upper secondary level and is provided mainly by public schools.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2018
Publication number:
8124
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) in Greece is strongly State-regulated and, until recently, mostly offered through a school-based approach.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: April 2018
Publication number:
9128
Publication type:

Low qualifications, disengagement from education and training and long-term unemployment are interconnected phenomena and tend to cumulate throughout a person’s life. To prevent and combat the marginalisation of both young people and adults, national authorities across Europe have been developing measures to reach out to people in need. However, the nature and the extent of these services vary considerably from one country to another. Cedefop’s latest briefing note gives an overview of the situation.

Available languages:
BG
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
Publication date: March 2018
Publication number:
8120
Publication type:

This short brochures give a concise and overview of the state of play of Bulgaria’s education and training system, its distinctive features, the particular challenges the country faces and the policy responses it has been developing. A chart showing the VET system’s structure and figures on student enrolment, early leaving and employment rates of young graduates complete the picture.

Available languages:
BG
EN
Short description
Publication date: March 2018
Publication number:
4161
Publication type:

This short description helps improve understanding of vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria. It covers the main features, highlighting policy developments and current challenges.

Available languages:
BG
EN
Publication date: March 2018
Publication number:
8119
Publication type:

In Portugal, the national qualification system reorganised vocational education and training within the remits
of the education and employment authorities into a single system.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: March 2018
Publication number:
4163
Publication type:

This publication on the latest national qualifications framework (NQF) developments aims to share how 43 NQFs in 39 countries participating in the European qualifications framework (EQF) implementation are structured, and how national qualifications have been allocated to NQF levels and linked to the EQF.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: March 2018
Publication number:
8608
Publication type:

Cedefop's concise guide to national qualifications framework developments in 39 European countries (28 EU Member
States as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Kosovo, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland and Turkey) in 2017.

Available languages:
EN
Analysis of stakeholder survey on skill needs assessment and anticipation
Publication date: March 2018
Publication number:
2223
Publication type:

This publication is a product of the joint survey, among key constituents and partners, conducted by the International Labour Organization (ILO), Cedefop, the European Training Foundation (ETF) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: February 2018
Publication number:
9127
Publication type:

As countries across Europe are pushing ahead with their national qualifications frameworks, Cedefop's briefing note examines the question of the frameworks’ added value and contribution to policies and practices.

Available languages:
BG
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
Modernising and expanding apprenticeships in Greece
Publication date: February 2018
Publication number:
4160
Publication type:

This publication is the final report of the thematic country review of apprenticeships (TCR) in Greece. The review took place between October 2015 and March 2017 at the request of the Greek Ministry of Education and the Greek Ministry of Labour.

Available languages:
EN
EL
Analysis and overview 2015-16
Publication date: February 2018
Publication number:
5565
Publication type:

The sixth Cedefop national qualifications framework (NQF) monitoring report confirms that NQFs play a key role in the European qualifications framework (EQF) implementation and in improving transparency and comparability of qualifications nationally and internationally.

Available languages:
EN
Cover briefing note
Publication date: January 2018
Publication number:
9126
Publication type:

The European Union’s economic recovery has strengthened. But the economic downturn has accelerated long-term trends of globalisation and digitalisation that demand new skills.

Available languages:
BG
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
Learning from Cedefop’s European skills and jobs survey
Publication date: January 2018
Publication number:
3075
Publication type:

Skill shortages and skill mismatch are major concerns for policy-makers. The report calls on policy-makers to adopt a different mindset for tackling skill mismatch, focused on sustainable activation, continuous learning, job-task reengineering and promotion of higher-end product market/managerial practices.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: January 2018
Publication number:
9125
Publication type:

The January 2018 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Available languages:
EN
Building education and training opportunities through apprenticeships
Publication date: December 2017
Publication number:
4159
Publication type:

This publication is the final report from the thematic country review of apprenticeships (TCR) in Italy.

Available languages:
EN
IT
Publication date: December 2017
Publication number:
8118
Publication type:

Making vocational education and training (VET) more attractive and effective requires clear understanding of opinions. The Cedefop survey offers a wealth of information to help understand better citizens’ views on VET. An accompanying report provides a first view of the survey results.

Available languages:
EN
Volume II: national and regional cases
Publication date: December 2017
Publication number:
2222
Publication type:

This two-volume publication gives an update on the national qualification frameworks around the world. It provides information on national and regional developments as well as selected themes. It  is the result of collaborative work between Cedefop, ETF, UNESCO and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: December 2017
Publication number:
8117
Publication type:

Check out the new Spotlight on VET for a brief overview of Norway's vocational education and training system, its characteristics and challenges.

Available languages:
EN
Volume 2: results of a survey among European VET experts
Publication date: December 2017
Publication number:
5564
Publication type:

This research paper is the second in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18).

Available languages:
EN
Volume 1: thematic chapters
Publication date: November 2017
Publication number:
2221
Publication type:

This two-volume publication gives an update on the national qualification frameworks around the world. It provides information on national and regional developments as well as selected themes. It  is the result of collaborative work between Cedefop, ETF, UNESCO and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning.

Available languages:
EN
A European handbook
Publication date: November 2017
Publication number:
4156
Publication type:

This Cedefop handbook is addressed to individuals and institutions actively involved in defining and writing learning outcomes in education and training. Its ambition is to act as a reference point for cooperation in this area.

Available languages:
EN
Volume 1: conceptions of vocational education and training: an analytical framework
Publication date: November 2017
Publication number:
5563
Publication type:

This research paper is the first in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18).

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: October 2017
Publication number:
9124
Publication type:

Skills anticipation can be a powerful policy tool for decision-making. Individuals would benefit greatly from knowing what type of education and training to follow; enterprises would know the skills they need; and policy-makers could adapt education and training systems to new skill needs.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
ET
FR
IT
PL
PT
Publication date: October 2017
Publication number:
5562
Publication type:

In 2016 Cedefop launched its first ever opinion survey aimed at investigating EU citizens’ opinions on vocational education and training.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
9123
Publication type:

As the current framework for cooperation in vocational education and training (VET) approaches its 2020 expiry, Cedefop is now looking further ahead to stimulate the debate on European VET cooperation until 2030.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
ET
FR
IT
PL
PT
Putting apprenticeship on track in Slovenia
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
4157
Publication type:

This publication is the final report of Cedefop’s thematic country review of apprenticeship in Slovenia, conducted between June 2015 and March 2017 at the request of the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport of the Republic of Slovenia.

Available languages:
EN
SL
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
9122
Publication type:

The September 2017 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Available languages:
EN
Short description
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
4155
Publication type:

This short description contributes to better understanding of vocational education and training (VET) in Estonia by providing an insight into its main features and highlighting VET policy developments and current challenges.

Available languages:
EN
ET
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
8116
Publication type:

This flyer provides a concise overview of Germany’s vocational education and training system.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
8114
Publication type:

This flyer provides a concise overview of Estonia’s vocational education and training system.

Available languages:
EN
ET
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
8111
Publication type:

This flyer provides a concise overview of the UK’s vocational education and training system.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
8112
Publication type:

This flyer provides a concise overview of Luxembourg’s vocational education and training system.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: September 2017
Publication number:
8113
Publication type:

This flyer provides a concise overview of Austria’s vocational education and training system.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: July 2017
Publication number:
9121
Publication type:

Technological unemployment is a recurring theme, but joblessness in the digital age will depend on human, not artificial, intelligence.