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The economic and social cost of low-skilled adults in the EU
Publication date: July 2017
Publication number:
5560
Publication type:

This Cedefop study seeks to provide a comprehensive and robust evidence base in relation to low-skilled adults in the European Union. It analyses trends in low skills among adults as well as characteristics, determinants and risks of being low skilled.

Available languages:
EN
DE
FR
Report
Publication date: June 2017
Publication number:
2220
Publication type:

The EU’s population and workforce are ageing. This has implications for employment, working conditions, living standards and welfare. A new report shows how information from four agencies, including Cedefop, can support policy-making that is both complementary and greater than the sum of its parts.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: June 2017
Publication number:
4154
Publication type:

2016 was a year of new challenges for Cedefop. As the Agency gears up for changes in European vocational education and training (VET) policy it aims to support the European Union’s ambition to transform the New skills agenda and the Council recommendation Upskilling pathways: new opportunities for adults into actions at Member State level.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2017
Publication number:
9120
Publication type:

Over the past two years, Europe has received an unprecedented number of refugees and asylum seekers. Many of these are here to stay, and the European Union needs to ensure that they enter the labour market and become self-reliant as quickly as possible.

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DE
EL
EN
ES
ET
FR
IT
PL
PT
Publication date: May 2017
Publication number:
8105
Publication type:

ReferNet collects information on, and monitors developments in, national VET policies and systems. This information is used for different purposes and products such as the VET in Europe reports and the Thematic perspectives on early leaving, apprenticeship innovation etc.

Available languages:
EN
A valuable source of support for policy-makers and VET providers
Publication date: May 2017
Publication number:
8110
Publication type:

The Europe-wide VET toolkit for tackling early leaving was developed by Cedefop in 2017. Based on evidence of success, It provides practical guidance, tips, good practices and tools drawn from VET aiming at helping young people to attain at least an upper secondary qualification.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
Publication date: May 2017
Publication number:
9119
Publication type:

The May 2017 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Available languages:
EN
Short description
Publication date: April 2017
Publication number:
4151
Publication type:

This first short description on vocational education and training (VET) in Malta aims to contribute to better understanding of the country's system and recent developments.

Available languages:
EN
Synthesis report
Publication date: March 2017
Publication number:
4153
Publication type:

The 2012 Council recommendation on validation of non-formal and informal learning encourages Member States to put in place national arrangements for such validation by 2018. These will enable individuals to increase the visibility and value of their knowledge, skills and competences acquired outside formal education and training: at work, at home or in voluntary activities.

Available languages:
EN
Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs VOLUME 5
Publication date: March 2017
Publication number:
2219
Publication type:

This guide is part of the ETF, ILO and Cedefop series of guides on skills anticipation and matching. All the guides follow a common structure, although they vary in level of detail, technical content and case studies. The ETF, Cedefop and the ILO worked closely together to develop the guides, usually with one agency/organisation taking the lead and the others providing inputs, case studies, comments and reviews.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: March 2017
Publication number:
8107
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) in Latvia is changing and its attractiveness is increasing. Two-thirds of VET schools have already been transformed into VET competence centres with modernised infrastructure and equipment. Programmes available include lifelong learning and promote access to the labour market. Find out more about Latvia’s VET system in Cedefop's concise guide.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: March 2017
Publication number:
4152
Publication type:

The programming document describes Cedefop’s activities in 2017-20. It outlines how the Centre will allocate its human and financial resources to its core business, its communication activities and administration, including information on performance measurement and tables reflecting multi-annual staff and budget planning.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: March 2017
Publication number:
8108
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) in Croatia has two main roles. Alongside preparation for labour market entry, it enables progression to tertiary education, primarily through four-year VET programmes, where learners spend half of their time acquiring general competences. Find out more in Cedefop's concise guide.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: February 2017
Publication number:
8109
Publication type:

In Norway, all young people completing compulsory school have a statutory right to three years of upper secondary education. Half of them choose between eight VET programmes. Find out more about the country's vocational education and training system in Cedefop's concise guide.

Available languages:
EN
Country statistical overviews – 2016 update
Publication date: February 2017
Publication number:
5561
Publication type:

European policy-making in vocational education and training (VET) needs to be supported by sound evidence. In this report, Cedefop has selected 36 indicators to quantify key aspects of VET and lifelong learning. The selection is based on their policy relevance and their importance in achieving the Europe 2020 objectives.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: January 2017
Publication number:
9118
Publication type:

Over the period 2017-20, Cedefop will continue to respond to changing needs.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
Publication date: January 2017
Publication number:
9116
Publication type:

The January 2017 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download. In this issue, we look at the, highly successful, first European vocational skills week, of which Cedefop was a partner.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: January 2017
Publication number:
8106
Publication type:

The 2014-24 education strategy in Malta highlights the role of vocational education and training (VET) in increasing effectiveness and quality and in fostering inclusion and progression.

Available languages:
EN
MT
Publication date: December 2016
Publication number:
5559
Publication type:

The European labour market is challenged by changes in the demographic composition of the labour force and increasing work complexities and processes.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: December 2016
Publication number:
8099
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) in Estonia is the key to ensuring a flexible and skilled workforce capable of adapting to changes in the labour market.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: December 2016
Publication number:
9117
Publication type:

As national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) are taking shape, their benefits become visible across the European Union.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
SK
Volume I: investigating causes and extent
Publication date: December 2016
Publication number:
5557
Publication type:

This Cedefop study examines the contribution that vocational education and training (VET) can make to reducing early leaving from education and training (ELET).

Available languages:
EN
2016
Publication date: November 2016
Publication number:
8096
Publication type:
Available languages:
EN
2016
Publication date: November 2016
Publication number:
8103
Publication type:
Available languages:
EN
2015
Publication date: November 2016
Publication number:
8104
Publication type:
Available languages:
EN
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
5555
Publication type:

This study analyses the role of labour market information (LMI) in career guidance and career education, including the main challenges.

Available languages:
EN
Volume II: evaluating policy impact
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
5558
Publication type:

This Cedefop study focuses on the contribution that vocational education and training (VET) can make to reducing early leaving from education and training (ELET).

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
9115
Publication type:
Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
SK
2016
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
8100
Publication type:

In Finland, the government is currently undertaking vocational education and training (VET) system reform, which aims to renew VET legislation and the financing system, and to promote learning at the workplace. This reform is planned to come into force in 2018.

Available languages:
EN
2016
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
8101
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) plays a key role in the Danish strategy for lifelong learning and meeting the challenges of globalisation and technological change.

Available languages:
EN
Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs VOLUME 3
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
2217
Publication type:

This guide is a part of the ETF, ILO and Cedefop series of guides on skills anticipation and matching. All the guides follow a common structure, although they vary in level of detail, technical content and case studies. The ETF, Cedefop and the ILO worked closely together to develop the guides, usually with one agency/organisation taking the lead and the others providing inputs, case studies, comments and reviews. All guides have undergone extensive validation and peer review; they were also discussed in detail in international expert seminars in which academic representatives, anticipation and matching experts, and potential end-users from across the world provided comments and feedback on content and usability. Experts and staff of the three organisations also peer reviewed the guides before their publication.

Available languages:
EN
2016
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
8097
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) is, by tradition, central to France’s adopted priorities: guilds first appeared in the Middle Ages and apprenticeship in the 19th century.

Available languages:
EN
Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs VOLUME 6
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
2218
Publication type:

This guide is a part of the ETF, ILO and Cedefop series of guides on skills anticipation and matching. All the guides follow a common structure, although they vary in level of detail, technical content and case studies. The ETF, Cedefop and the ILO worked closely together to develop the guides, usually with one agency/organisation taking the lead and the others providing inputs, case studies, comments and reviews. All guides have undergone extensive validation and peer review; they were also discussed in detail in international expert seminars in which academic representatives, anticipation and matching experts, and potential end-users from across the world provided comments and feedback on content and usability. Experts and staff of the three organisations also peer reviewed the guides before their publication.

Available languages:
EN
2016
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
8098
Publication type:

Vocational education and training (VET) has always represented a fundamental part of the Czech education system. Benefiting from a long tradition of quality, it has developed intensively over recent decades. In the past five years curricula have been reformed and modernised.

Available languages:
EN
CS
Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs VOLUME 1
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
2215
Publication type:

This guide is a part of the ETF, ILO and Cedefop series of guides on skills anticipation and matching. All the guides follow a common structure, although they vary in level of detail, technical content and case studies. The ETF, Cedefop and the ILO worked closely together to develop the guides, usually with one agency/ organisation taking the lead and the others providing inputs, case studies, comments and reviews. All guides have undergone extensive validation and peer review; they were also discussed in detail in international expert seminars in which academic representatives, anticipation and matching experts, and potential end‑users from across the world provided comments and feedback on content and usability. Experts and staff of the three organisations also peer reviewed the guides before their publication.

Available languages:
EN
Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs VOLUME 2
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
2216
Publication type:

This guide is a part of the ETF, ILO and Cedefop series of guides on skills anticipation and matching. All the guides follow a common structure, although they vary in terms of level of detail, technical content and case studies. All guides have gone through extensive validation and peer review; they were also discussed in detail in international expert seminars in which academic representatives, anticipation and matching experts, and potential end-users from all over the world provided comments and feedback on content and usability. Experts and staff of the three organisations also peer reviewed the guides before their publication.

Available languages:
EN
2016
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
8095
Publication type:

Swedish vocational education and training (VET) includes programmes and study pathways within upper secondary education and non-academic and academic tertiary education.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: October 2016
Publication number:
9114
Publication type:

The mobility scoreboard takes stock of European countries’ provisions for learning abroad, offering a wealth of comparable information and examples of good practice.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
PL
PT
SK
A comparative study
Publication date: September 2016
Publication number:
3074
Publication type:

This Cedefop reference publication maps and analyses the shift to learning outcomes in education and training policies and practices across Europe.

Available languages:
EN
The role of guidance and lifelong learning
Publication date: September 2016
Publication number:
5554
Publication type:

This report draws both on literature review and an original collection of stories from biographical interviews of individuals in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, France, Italy, Poland and the UK.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: September 2016
Publication number:
9113
Publication type:

The September 2016 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download. In this issue, we look at the New skills agenda for Europe and how it can boost employability, competitiveness and growth.

Available languages:
EN
2015
Publication date: September 2016
Publication number:
8094
Publication type:

The six-page guide presents Poland's vocational education training (VET) system. The system's management and administration has a three-level structure.

Available languages:
EN
2016
Publication date: September 2016
Publication number:
8102
Publication type:

Traditionally, vocational education and training (VET) has been a strong pillar of the Slovak education system. Despite growing interest in general education, participation in secondary VET is still among the highest in the EU.

Available languages:
EN
SK
Short description
Publication date: September 2016
Publication number:
4150
Publication type:

This publication aims to contribute to better understanding of vocational education and training (VET) in Slovakia, providing an insight into its main features and highlighting recent VET policy developments.

Available languages:
EN
Thematic report for the 2016 update of the European inventory on validation
Publication date: July 2016
Publication number:
4149
Publication type:

This thematic report focuses on validation of learning acquired through open educational resources (OER), such as participation in massive open online courses.

Available languages:
EN
A thematic report for the 2016 update to the European inventory on validation of non-formal and informal learning
Publication date: July 2016
Publication number:
4146
Publication type:

This thematic report presents an overview of funding sources for validation of non-formal and informal learning and discusses associated issues such as sustainability and accessibility.

Available languages:
EN
Thematic report for the 2016 update of the European inventory on validation
Publication date: July 2016
Publication number:
4147
Publication type:

This thematic report provides insights into how validation arrangements are linked to the labour market.

Available languages:
EN
Thematic report for the 2016 update of the European inventory on validation
Publication date: July 2016
Publication number:
4148
Publication type:

This thematic report provides an overview of validation monitoring of non-formal and informal learning across Europe.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: June 2016
Publication number:
9112
Publication type:

Committed and competent teachers and trainers are crucial to ensuring the quality and labour market relevance of learning, both in VET schools/centres and in companies, and whether in classrooms, in workshops, in labs and simulated learning environments, or at the workplace.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
NL
PL
PT
SK
Monitoring report 2015
Publication date: June 2016
Publication number:
5556
Publication type:

Cedefop has been conducting monitoring of the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) implementation since 2010; this report covers developments from mid-2013 till 2015.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: June 2016
Publication number:
4145
Publication type:

The year under review has been marked by a number of events that will inevitably have an impact on the immediate future of Cedefop and European vocational education and training (VET).

Available languages:
DE
EN
FR
Publication date: May 2016
Publication number:
8093
Publication type:

Cedefop’s 2016 skills forecast offers insights into future trends in skill demand and supply across the European Union (EU).

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: May 2016
Publication number:
9111
Publication type:

The May 2016 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Available languages:
EN
Update 2016
Publication date: May 2016
Publication number:
4144
Publication type:

A 20-page guide to Cedefop's work in the field of vocational education and training (VET) in Europe.

Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
MT
NL
PL
PT
SK
Publication date: April 2016
Publication number:
9110
Publication type:
Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
NL
PL
PT
Publication date: March 2016
Publication number:
5553
Publication type:

This report analyses VET governance structures and financing arrangements in Spain, Italy, Latvia, Portugal and Sweden in view of developing and expanding apprenticeship.

Available languages:
EN
Publication date: February 2016
Publication number:
9108
Publication type:
Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
NL
PL
PT
Publication date: February 2016
Publication number:
4143
Publication type:

Cedefop's 2016 work programme reflects the plan to support the Riga conclusions on vocational education and training (VET) and the skills roadmap, for a more qualified and competitive European workforce.

Available languages:
DE
EN
FR
Thumnail briefing note cover
Publication date: January 2016
Publication number:
9109
Publication type:
Available languages:
DE
EL
EN
ES
FR
IT
NL
PL
PT
Short description
Publication date: January 2016
Publication number:
4142
Publication type:

This short description aims to contribute to better understanding of vocational education and training (VET) in the Netherlands, providing an insight into its main features and highlighting recent VET policy developments.

Available languages:
EN