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France, as a signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, chaired the 2015 Conference of the Parties of the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21/CMP11), which resulted in an international agreement to strive to limit global warming to less than 2°C. Of the 197 parties to the conference, 174 ratied the Paris Accord. France, in helping to implement the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals for 2030, has emphasized three priorities: (i) ensuring food security and sustainable agriculture; (ii) promoting resilient infrastructure, sustainable industrialization, and innovation; and (iii) preserving the world’s oceans, seas, and marine resources through sustainable exploitation. Since 2012, the country’s agro-ecological plan of action has aimed to reduce the consumption of inputs, to preserve natural resources, and to enhance the sustainability of resource use.
In 2017 France launched a plan to prevent climate change from growing in scale and becoming irreversible. The plan includes a series of innovative and ambitious measures to enshrine the goals of the Paris Accord in public policy and to rally all actors to the ght for planetary survival. France is accelerating its commitment to achieve the energy and climate transition domestically, within the European Union, and on the international stage.
France has also increased by €4 billion the amount of nancing it will make available for sustainable development between now and 2020—€2 billion of the increase will be devoted to the challenges of climate change. In parallel, an additional €400 million will be allocated to the most fragile nations in the form of bilateral grants. Plus...