Campus FranceResearch and training are tightly interwoven in France’s universities. Students come to learn from and train with research faculty, and even classroom instruction is enriched by the research conducted in public research laboratories, the vast majority of which are located on university campuses. France’s 72 universities are the engines of research in every region of the country.
The universities organize and oversee the doctoral training provided by doctoral schools. Although most of the institutions authorized to confer the Doctorate are universities, a growing number of France’s free-standing schools of engineering (École des Mines, École des Ponts, and the École Polytechnique among them) and a few schools of management participate in joint doctoral arrangements. Plus...