15 avril 2017

34 the socio-economic objectives of budget allocations devoted to research and development

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

34 the socio-economic objectives of budget allocations devoted to research and development
In 2015, the Inter-ministerial Mission for Research and Higher Education assigned budget allocations worth €13 billion to research and development. Around 80% of these allocations went to research and higher education institutions in the form of public service subsidies. Operating expenditure accounted for 13% (€1.7 billion) of the allocations, while 9% were spent on international programmes and institutions. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 33 funding of research and technology by local authorities

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

33 funding of research and technology by local authorities
In 2014, local authorities devoted €1.3 billion to funding research and technology (R&T). This funding went in large part towards property transactions and technology transfer and innovation. Regional councils accounted for two-thirds of R&T funding, while municipalities were the second local contributor. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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32 the R&D tax credit: an incentive for firms to increase their R&D expenditure

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

31 funding for public research and development
Since 2013, the R&D tax credit (CIR) has included three components according to the type of eligible expenditure: research expenditure, innovation expenditure and collection expenditure for the textile-clothing-leather sectors.
The amount of tax credit paid out in totalled €5.57 billion for research expenditure, €74 million for innovation expenditure and €65 million for collection expenditure, a total of €5.7 billion. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 31 funding for public research and development

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

31 funding for public research and development
In 2013, budget allocations spent on public research totalled nearly €13 billion and funded 69% of all public research and development (R&D). Resources contributed by institutions themselves accounted for nearly €6 billion and for 31% of R&D funding for public research. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 30 R&D expenditure by France's main public research institutions

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

30 R&D expenditure by France's main public research institutions
Eight State-owned scientific and technological establishments (EPST) and a dozen State-owned industrial and commercial establishments (EPIC) make up France's main research institutions. They are supervised by one or more government ministries and have a public service remit. More...

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29 research and development (R&D) in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), intermediate-sized and large enterprises

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

29 research and development (R&D) in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), intermediate-sized enterprises and large enterprises
Total intramural expenditure on R&D (BERD) of enterprises with establishments in France amounted to €30.7 billion in 2013 (table 29.01). Large companies were responsible for the majority of this expenditure (57%), while intermediate-sized enterprises (entreprises de taille intermédiaire – ETI) accounted for one quarter. In comparison with their intramural expenditure on R&D, SMEs offered more jobs in this area: they accounted for 17% of BERD, with 23% of R&D personnel. More...

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 28 gross domestic expenditure on research and development

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

28 gross domestic expenditure on research and development
In 2013, half of intramural business expenditure on R&D (BERD) was focused on six industrial branches ('Manufacture of motor vehicles', 'Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery', 'Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations', 'Computer-related and information service activities', 'Professional, scientific and technical activities' and 'Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products'). In the public sector, dedicated research institutions (EPST and EPIC) carried out 54% of all R&D funded by intramural government expenditure (GOVERD). More...

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 27 research and experimental development efforts in France

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

27 research and experimental development efforts in France
France's gross domestic expenditure on research and experimental development (GERD) has doubled since 1983 and accounted for 2.24% of GDP (€47.5 billion) in 2013. Businesses alone implemented 65% of R&D expenditure in France and funded 59% of gross national expenditure on R&D. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 26 gender equality in higher education

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

26 gender equality in higher education
Women outnumber men in higher education, but are less likely to enrol in selective or scientific courses and are in the minority in PhD programmes. In 2013, their unemployment rate three years after leaving was higher than men for nearly all levels of qualification, and their employment conditions were less favourable. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 25 students with disabilities in higher education

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

25 students with disabilities in higher education
At the start of the 2014-2015 academic year, there were 20,549 students in public higher education, i.e. 1.17% of the student population, who declared a disability and were provided with support of some kind. 91.5% of them were enrolled at university, where their numbers have tripled since 2005. They receive more and more different types of support which are now better known and which mean that students are not excluded from the general trend of longer studies. They are mostly enrolled on Bachelor's degree programmes, but their presence on Master's courses has significantly increased in recent years. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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