15 avril 2017

Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 44 R&D activities in the digital sector

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

44 R&D activities in the digital sector
Intramural expenditure on research and development by business enterprises on information and communication technology (ICT) amounted to €6.4 billion in 2013, i.e. 21% of all business intramural expenditure on R&D. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Posté par pcassuto à 10:35 - - Permalien [#]


Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 43 business R&D in new materials and nanotechnology

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

43 business R&D in new materials and nanotechnology
In 2013, nearly a quarter of firms in France that carried out R&D in-house incurred R&D expenditure in the fields of new materials or nanotechnology. Overall research expenditure in these two fields was €3.5 billion in 2013, or 11.4% of total BERD. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 42 business R&D in biotechnology

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

42 business R&D in biotechnology
Intramural business enterprise expenditure on R&D (BERD) in the field of biotechnology totalled €3.0 billion in 2013, accounting for around 10% of BERD. The proportion of firms active in this field of research has remained stable compared to 2012, at 11%. Firms that specialise in biotechnology are mostly small enterprises. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 41 young innovative companies

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

41 young innovative companies
'Young innovative company' (YIC) status was introduced to encourage people to set up and expand SMEs that carry out R&D. In 2013, their intramural R&D expenditure totalled €830 million and was focused primarily within the service sector. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Posté par pcassuto à 10:31 - - Permalien [#]

40 occupational integration for 2010 PhD graduates, 5 years after being awarded their degree

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

40 occupational integration for 2010 PhD graduates, 5 years after being awarded their degree
In 2015, the unemployment rate for 2010 PhD graduates was close to 7%, compared to 9% two years previously. Despite this improvement, the situation for PhD graduates, in particular for Doctors of Life and Earth Sciences or, to a lesser extent, Arts and Human Sciences, is not as good as for graduates in other disciplines. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 39 PhDs and PhD graduates

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

39 PhDs and PhD graduates
The survey on doctoral schools carried out by the MENESR counted 75,600 students enrolled on a PhD programme at the start of the 2014-15 academic year. This number was 7% less than in the academic year 2009-10. The fall in the number of PhD students mainly concerns social sciences (law, economics, management, sociology, anthropology, etc.) and human sciences and humanities (literature, languages, arts, history, Physical Education and Sports Science and Techniques etc.) ( -13% between 2009 and 2014). It was considerably less marked in scientific disciplines ( -1%). More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

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Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 38 researchers in business enterprises

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

38 researchers in business enterprises
In 2013, almost 220,000 researchers were involved in R&D activity in business enterprises in France. This is a young population, with a low proportion of women (20%), the majority with an engineering degree. In business enterprises, only 12% of researchers have a PhD and 17% have a Master's degree. The socio-economic characteristics of researchers, however, depend on the company's sector of research. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Posté par pcassuto à 10:27 - - Permalien [#]

Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 37 gender equality in research

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

37 gender equality in research
In 2013, women represented 30% of all research personnel, and a little over a quarter of researchers. Furthermore, 40% of government research personnel are women compared to 22% in business enterprises, a contrast that is not unique to France. The proportions differ according to the field of research, with the most women being present in medicine, chemistry and agronomy. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Posté par pcassuto à 10:26 - - Permalien [#]

Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 36 human resources in research and development

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

36 human resources in research and development
In 2013, 575,300 people in France were involved in research-related activity. They represented 418,100 full-time equivalents (FTE), an increase of 9.3% in 5 years. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Posté par pcassuto à 10:25 - - Permalien [#]

Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures - 35 funding and performance of R&D in France

Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la RechercheLike the previous editions, the 9th edition of Higher Education and Research in France, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes.

35 funding and performance of R&D in France
Businesses based in France fund around 55% of the country's gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD). Total expenditure on R&D by firms is €33.7 billion, which is 85% funded (€28.5 billion) by companies in France and 8% (€2.7 billion) by the government. More...

Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Posté par pcassuto à 10:24 - - Permalien [#]