10 septembre 2016

Pump-priming productivity through reform: the case of Lithuania

https://oecdecoscope.files.wordpress.com/2016/02/cropped-blog-clouds.jpgPosted . In the past two decades, the income level in Lithuania has steadily risen toward that of OECD countries. Between 1995 and 2013, GDP per capita rose from one third to two thirds of the OECD average. Productivity catch-up was critical to this process, aided by enhanced integration into the global economy which enabled the adoption of more advanced production technologies from abroad. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:18 - - Permalien [#]


When size matters: scaling up delivery of Czech local services

https://oecdecoscope.files.wordpress.com/2016/02/cropped-blog-clouds.jpgPosted . A key argument for small local governments is that they can better deliver the services that their residents want and need. A key question is: what size is too small?  When is the average cost of services too high, the range of choice too narrow or expertise spread too thinly across the country? These questions are especially relevant in the Czech Republic where there are over 6 200 municipalities – the smallest on average in the OECD. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:17 - - Permalien [#]

Complex mathematics isn’t for everyone (but maybe it should be)

Education & Skills TodayBy Marilyn Achiron. Put a complicated algebraic equation or geometry problem in front of a 15-year-old student (or, for that matter, just about anyone) and you can almost see the brain at work: I. Can’t. Do.This. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:07 - - Permalien [#]

Do labour markets welcome shorter tertiary degrees?

Education & Skills TodayBy Dirk Van Damme. At the turn of this century, two different models of higher education programmes prevailed in the world. The first mainly consisted of three- or four-year programmes leading to a first qualification – a bachelor’s degree – sometimes followed by a “postgraduate” programme at the master’s level. This model predominated in the United States, the United Kingdom and most other English-speaking countries. The second model, prevalent in Europe, entailed long, integrated programmes – in some fields of study, six, seven or even eight years long - leading to a plenitude of qualifications. Emerging economies in Asia mainly copied the American model, while Latin-American countries mainly followed the model of the European colonising powers. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:06 - - Permalien [#]

What makes education governance and reform work beyond the drawing table?

Education & Skills TodayBy Florian Köster. Today’s education systems need to adapt practices to local diversity while ensuring common goals. Given the complexity of modern education systems, seemingly straightforward changes may result in unexpected consequences, making effective production, use and exchange of knowledge – policy-relevant know-how – across the system indispensable. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:05 - - Permalien [#]


Rough waters for container shipping. Why Hanjin, the world’s seventh largest container line, went under

Sad news. After months – even years – of pain and suffering, the South Korean container shipping company Hanjin finally sank and passed away. Not just any casualty, but the largest shipping bankruptcy in history: Hanjin was the world’s seventh biggest container line with a fleet of 90 ships. Was this an accident, an isolated case of bad luck, or is something more structural going on. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:52 - - Permalien [#]

Air pollution: Tyre and brake fatigue compound an exhausting problem

Anyone else feeling exhausted by all this drum humming about air pollution? Indeed it appears the fumes won’t be dissipating any time soon as we consider the extent to which tyre and brake rubbish exacerbate the problem. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:51 - - Permalien [#]

A dash of data: Spotlight on Australian households

Economic growth (GDP) always gets a lot of attention, but when it comes to determining how people are doing it’s interesting to look at other indicators that focus more on the actual material conditions of households. Let’s see how households in Australia are doing by looking at a few alternative indicators. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:50 - - Permalien [#]

How to Assess China’s G20 Presidency

It was a unique event, for sure: China hosting its first G20 summit in Hangzhou on 4-5 September. The city where Chinese leader Mao Zedong half a century ago regularly met with Third World guerrilla leaders to discuss the battle against US “imperialism”. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:49 - - Permalien [#]

From rote learning to robotics

A session at the 2016 OECD Forum entitled “Teaching & Learning with Robots” brought Nao, a humanoid robot, to meet with a class of young students from the Sections Internationales de Sèvres (SIS) school. Catherine Potter-Jadas, head of the primary school, noted the children’s reactions to the robot. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 22:48 - - Permalien [#]