How does the EQF work?

European Commission logoWhy the EQF?

The free movement of people in Europe is one of the most important goals of the EU. However, the understanding and the recognition of diplomas and certificates issued in the different national education and training systems of the 28 Member States of the EU is a challenge. For this reason, the EU developed a translation device to make national qualifications more readable in order to promote workers' and learners' mobility and facilitating their lifelong learning across Europe. This is the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning.

What is the EQF?

The EQF helps to compare national qualifications systems and enable communication among them The core of the EQF are eight common European reference levels, which are described in learning outcomes: knowledge, skills and competences. This makes it more understandable what a learner with a qualification related to the EQF knows, understands and is able to do. This approach also make it possible to compare qualifications awarded in all types of education, training and qualifications, from school education to academic, professional and vocational at each of its levels.

The EQF initiative is closely related to the qualifications framework for the European Higher Education Area: the two frameworks are compatible and their implementation is coordinated at national and European level.

When?

The EQF was adopted by the Council of the EU and the European Parliament in the Recommendation of 23 April 2008. They committed themselves to put the EQF in practice across Europe. EU Member States, candidate countries, Liechtenstein and Norway – all of whom participate in the Education and Training 2020 cooperation – work towards implementing the EQF.

How?

When implementing ET 2020 countries identify how the national qualifications levels relate to the eight European reference levels of the EQF. This is done through a national referencing process, which is based on a set of criteria agreed at European level. Following extensive national consultations with stakeholders, countries present the results of this referencing process to the EQF Advisory Group and publish their referencing report on this portal.

Once national qualifications levels are related/referenced to the EQF, it will be much easier compare and assess national qualifications in the process of recognition of foreign qualifications when people move to another country. The goal is that all new qualifications, diplomas, certificates and Europass supplements will carry a reference to an appropriate EQF level.

An EQF National Coordination Point is set up in each country that participates in the EQF which coordinates implementation at national level and provides information on how the national qualifications levels relate to the EQF and how the EQF is implemented. 

At European level, the EQF Advisory Group ensures that the EQF is implemented in a transparent, trustworthy and coherent way across Europe. It brings together representatives from national authorities in ET 2020 countries and European representatives of social partners and other European stakeholders.

Shifting focus to learning outcomes

The most important principle of the EQF is the learning outcomes approach. The learning outcomes approach shifts focus to what knowledge, skills and competences the learner has acquired by the end of the learning process.

Implementing the EQF requires that all qualifications that are related to the EQF, via national qualifications frameworks, are described in terms of learning outcomes. All participating countries - Member States, candidate counties and Liechtenstein and Norway - are voluntarily developing  or implementing their own National Qualifications Frameworks (NQFs) based on learning outcomes. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 17:58 - - Permalien [#]

Find and Compare Qualifications Frameworks

European Commission logoCompare the results of the national referencing process by choosing the national flag. Up to 5 examples of qualifications are provided for each NQF level. National systems may include many other qualifications at those levels.

. More...

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Descriptors defining levels in the European Qualifications Framework (EQF)

European Commission logoEach of the 8 levels is defined by a set of descriptors indicating the learning outcomes relevant to qualifications at that level in any system of qualifications

EQF Level

Knowledge

Skills

Competence

 

In the context of EQF, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual.

In the context of EQF, skills are described as

cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking), and

practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments)

In the context of EQF, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy.

Level 1 Basic general knowledge Basic skills required to carry out simple tasks Work or study under direct supervision in a structured context
Level 2 Basic factual knowledge of a field of work or study Basic cognitive and practical skills required to use relevant information in order to carry out tasks and to solve routine problems using simple rules and tools Work or study under supervision with some autonomy
Level 3 Knowledge of facts, principles, processes and general concepts, in a field of work or study A range of cognitive and practical skills required to accomplish tasks and solve problems by selecting and applying basic methods, tools, materials and information Take responsibility for completion of tasks in work or study; adapt own behaviour to circumstances in solving problems
Level 4 Factual and theoretical knowledge in broad contexts within a field of work or study A range of cognitive and practical skills required to generate solutions to specific problems in a field of work or study Exercise self-management within the guidelines of work or study contexts that are usually predictable, but are subject to change; supervise the routine work of others, taking some responsibility for the evaluation and improvement of work or study activities
Level 5[1] Comprehensive, specialised, factual and theoretical knowledge within a field of work or study and an awareness of the boundaries of that knowledge A comprehensive range of cognitive and practical skills required to develop creative solutions to abstract problems Exercise management and supervision in contexts of work or study activities where there is unpredictable change; review and develop performance of self and others
Level 6[2] Advanced knowledge of a field of work or study, involving a critical understanding of theories and principles Advanced skills, demonstrating mastery and innovation, required to solve complex and unpredictable problems in a specialised field of work or study Manage complex technical or professional activities or projects, taking responsibility for decision-making in unpredictable work or study contexts; take responsibility for managing professional development of individuals and groups
Level 7[3]

Highly specialised knowledge, some of which is at the forefront of knowledge in a field of work or study, as the basis for original thinking and/or research

Critical awareness of knowledge issues in a field and at the interface between different fields

Specialised problem-solving skills required in research and/or innovation in order to develop new knowledge and procedures and to integrate knowledge from different fields Manage and transform work or study contexts that are complex, unpredictable and require new strategic approaches; take responsibility for contributing to professional knowledge and practice and/or for reviewing the strategic performance of teams
Level 8[4] Knowledge at the most advanced frontier of a field of work or study and at the interface between fields The most advanced and specialised skills and techniques, including synthesis and evaluation, required to solve critical problems in research and/or innovation and to extend and redefine existing knowledge or professional practice Demonstrate substantial authority, innovation, autonomy, scholarly and professional integrity and sustained commitment to the development of new ideas or processes at the forefront of work or study contexts including research

 

Compatibility with the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area

The Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area provides descriptors for cycles. Each cycle descriptor offers a generic statement of typical expectations of achievements and abilities associated with qualifications that represent the end of that cycle.

  1. The descriptor for the higher education short cycle (within or linked to the first cycle), developed by the Joint Quality Initiative as part of the Bologna process, corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 5.
  2. The descriptor for the first cycle in the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 6.
  3. The descriptor for the second cycle in the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 7.
  4. The descriptor for the third cycle in the Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area corresponds to the learning outcomes for EQF level 8. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 17:56 - - Permalien [#]

Learning Opportunities and Qualifications in Europe - Related EU initiatives

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Find information on the EQF, NQF's

European Commission logoThe European Qualifications Framework (EQF) is a translation tool that helps communication and comparison between qualifications systems in Europe. Its eight common European reference levels are described in terms of learning outcomes: knowledge, skills and competences. This allows any national qualifications systems, national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) and  qualifications in Europe to relate to the EQF levels. Learners, graduates, providers and employers can use these levels to understand and compare qualifications awarded in different countries and by different education and training systems. More...

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Find Information on Learning Opportunities

European Commission logoThis page provides you with information and links to opportunities to learn or study in another EU country. You can scroll down to find all information. You can filter the results by using the filters on the left. 
By clicking on the title of a learning opportunity in the search results you will find more detailed information and links. More...

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Learning Opportunities and Qualifications in Europe - Information about courses, work-based learning and qualifications

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Find information and links on opportunities to learn or study in another EU country by searching by subject field, level of education or country.

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Contact an organisation in your country to help you find the information you need.

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Financer une démarche VAE - Autofinancement de la VAE

VAESeules les certifications enregistrées au RNCP RNCP Répertoire national des certifications professionnelles sont accessibles à la VAE, donc susceptibles d’être prises en charge.

Vous pouvez décider de financer vous-même votre démarche de VAE. Il vous est conseillé de signer un contrat avec l’organisme ou avec chacun des organismes intervenant au cours de votre démarche de validation des acquis de l’expérience, au sens de l’article L 6353-4 du Code du travail.

Spécificités du financement de l’étape post-jury
La prise en charge financière de cette étape dépend du statut du candidat.
Chèque post-VAE : Dans le cas d’une validation partielle prononcée par le jury, certaines régions proposent une aide au regard du procès-verbal du jury et d’un devis (exemples : Région PACA, Région Bourgogne). Voir l'article...

Posté par pcassuto à 17:40 - - Permalien [#]

Financer une démarche VAE - Vous êtes réfugié

VAESeules les certifications enregistrées au RNCP RNCP Répertoire national des certifications professionnelles sont accessibles à la VAE, donc susceptibles d’être prises en charge.

Quelle que soit votre nationalité, vous pouvez engager une procédure de VAE. En revanche, vous devez disposer d’un titre vous autorisant à séjourner régulièrement sur le territoire français, le temps d’accomplir les démarches de VAE.
Vous pouvez bénéficier d’actions d’insertion sociale et professionnelle, y compris une prise en charge financière, en vous adressant à l’ACSÉ (Agence nationale pour la cohésion sociale et l’égalité des chances)

Spécificités du financement de l’étape post-jury
La prise en charge financière de cette étape dépend du statut du candidat.
Chèque post-VAE : Dans le cas d’une validation partielle prononcée par le jury, certaines régions proposent une aide au regard du procès-verbal du jury et d’un devis (exemples : Région PACA, Région Bourgogne). Voir l'article...

Posté par pcassuto à 17:40 - - Permalien [#]