14 mars 2016

Accounting for Universities’ Impact: Using Augmented Data to Measure Academic Engagement and Commercialization

We present an approach that aims to comprehensively account for scientists’ academic engagement and commercialization activities. While previous research has pointed to the economic and social impact of these activities, it has also been hampered by the difficulties of accurately quantifying them. Our approach complements university administrative records with data retrieved from external sources and surveys to quantify academic consulting, patenting and academic entrepreneurship. This allows us to more accurately account for ‘independent’ activity, i.e. academic engagement and commercialization outside the formal university channels and often not recorded by universities. We illustrate this approach with data for 10,000 scientists at Imperial College London. Results indicate that conventional approaches systematically underestimate the extent of academic scientists’ impact-relevant activities by not accounting for independent activities. We find a larger proportion of scientists to be externally active, yet with the exception of consulting we find no significant difference between individuals involved in supported (university-recorded) and independent activity, respectively. Our study contributes to work concerned with developing appropriate and accurate research metrics for demonstrating the public value of science. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:29 - - Permalien [#]

Does teaching advance your Academic career? Academy develops new template for evaluation

Royal Academy of EngineeringThe Academy’s interim report on the development of the template, Does teaching advance your academic career? A template for evaluating teaching achievement, responds to concerns that without adequate recognition for teaching and curriculum development duties, lecturers have little incentive to put time and effort into improving the experience of university students. Despite the significant role teaching plays in most academics’ schedules, only 12% of academic staff surveyed by the Academy reported that it was a ‘very important’ promotion criteria in their university. Research, on the other hand, was seen as a ‘very important’ promotion criteria by 97% of respondents. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:27 - - Permalien [#]

Improving Higher Education of All Students: Lessons from the United States

Sciences PoDespite the countless differences, many nations are grappling with the questions: How can a nation increase its overall level of higher education attainment? And, how can a nation close persisting gaps in attainment across demographic groups? This paper seeks to inform understanding of these questions by providing an overview of related data and research on higher education in the United States. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:23 - - Permalien [#]

Professionnalisme des enseignants

OECD iLibraryUn nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, intitule Soutenir le professionnalisme des enseignants et élaboré à partir des résultats de l’Enquête internationale sur l’enseignement et l’apprentissage (TALIS), définit le concept de professionnalisme des enseignants sur la base de trois grandes composantes : le socle de connaissances, à savoir les connaissances requises pour enseigner ; l’autonomie, à savoir le pouvoir de décision des enseignants sur différents aspects de leur travail ; et les réseaux de pairs, à savoir les possibilités d’échange d’informations et de soutien nécessaires au maintien de normes élevées d’enseignement. Voir l'article...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:21 - - Permalien [#]

Low-Performing Students - Why They Fall Behind and How To Help Them Succeed

OECD iLibraryThere is no country or economy participating in PISA 2012 that can claim that all of its 15-year-old students have achieved a baseline level of proficiency in mathematics, reading and science. Poor performance at school has long-term consequences, both for the individual and for society as a whole.  Reducing the number of low-performing students is not only a goal in its own right but also an effective way to improve an education system’s overall performance – and equity, since low performers are disproportionately from socio-economically disadvantaged families. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:19 - - Permalien [#]

Rapport de Suzanne Berger sur les dispositifs de soutien à l'innovation en France

Les conclusions du rapport sur les dispositifs de soutien à l’innovation en France de Suzanne Berger, intitulé "Reforms in the French industrial ecosystem" ont été remises à Emmanuel Macron, Ministre de l’Economie, de l’Industrie et du Numérique,  et Thierry Mandon, Secrétaire d’Etat en charge de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, le 20 janvier 2016.

Posté par pcassuto à 12:17 - - Permalien [#]

More and more schoolchildren are using paid tutoring – especially those from middle-income households

http://www.diw.de/img/diw_logo_farbe_mini.jpgMore and more schoolchildren in Germany are using private tutoring:47 percent of the 17-year-olds who were interviewed between 2009 and 2013 reported enlisting the help of paid tutors at least once over the course of their school careers — a figure that is roughly 20 percentage points higher than it was 15 years ago. In 2013, 13 percent of all schoolchildren reported that they had received private out-of-school lessons within the previous six months: this figure amounted to six percent among primary school and 18 percent among secondary school students. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:13 - - Permalien [#]

Appel à candidatures - Programme de bourses doctorales PROFAS B+

Institut Français d'AlgérieLe programme algéro-français de bourses doctorales PROFAS B+ est un outil phare de la coopération bilatérale dans le domaine de la recherche scientifique permettant à des chercheurs algériens de rejoindre des laboratoires français tout en bénéficiant d'un appui à la formation et à la recherche. L'appel à candidatures est ouvert jusqu'au 31 mars 2016.

Créé en 1987, le programme PROFAS B+ s'adresse à des doctorants en co-encadrement ou en cotutelle de thèse, enseignants ou non-salariés. Depuis deux ans, il a ainsi permis à 180 boursiers algériens de rejoindre des laboratoires d’excellence en France et de bénéficier d'un appui à la formation et à la recherche. Voir l'article...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:11 - - Permalien [#]

Grand Visions for the Future of U.S. Science in a New Global Era

Where do we want to see science in the United States in 2025, and in 2050? The U.S. was a strong global leader in science and technology, innovation and entrepreneurship, for most of the previous century. However, the pace of scientific progress and innovation in the 21st century is increasing across the world and the economic playing field is leveling. We have entered a new global era, where nations of the world are highly interconnected and interdependent.


France Cordova, National Science Foundation
The NSF View: America's Investment in the Future in the New Global Era. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:09 - - Permalien [#]

Revealing the quantitative-qualitative divide in sociology using bibliometric visualization

Since the dawn of sociology it has been a divisive issue: quantitative versus qualitative. The very word sociology (from French sociologie) was suggested by one of the founding scholars, Auguste Comte, as an alternative to social physics (again from French physique sociale) a term appropriated by Adolphe Quetelet, who used it to describe his statistical research. Until the 1920s, objects were deemed to be of either a quantitative or a qualitative nature. This dichotomy changed after the 1920s due to a steady rise of statistical methods in sociology. In contemporary sociology, both approaches are increasingly used to study the same general topics. However, as we will show below, the divide never fully subsided. Moreover, we find that research topics are intimately tied to their methods. The universe of quantitative sociology consists of terms like "survey", "data" and "scale" but also of "socioeconomic status", "women", "men" and "career". The universe of qualitative sociology consists of terms such as "discourse", "practice" and "meaning" but also of "power", "identity" and "masculinity". More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:06 - - Permalien [#]