16 mai 2015

The Policy Framework for Investment: What it is, why it exists, how it’s been used and what’s new

By Stephen Thomsen. Of all the acronyms in existence, “PFI” has to be one of the most popular. For many people, it is the Private Finance Initiative but that is only one of at least 40 meanings of the PFI, including institutes devoted to everything from pet foods to pellet fuels. For us at the OECD and for the many emerging economies we have been working with, the PFI stands for the Policy Framework for Investment. Our PFI means exactly what it says: it is a policy framework to stimulate investment and to enhance the impact from that investment. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:43 - - Permalien [#]


Ageing and pensions

By Pablo Antolín-Nicolás. Pension systems of all types are facing crucial and far-reaching challenges because of demographic trends, the continuing impacts of the economic crisis, and the environment of low growth, low returns and low yields. As a result, meeting pension commitments and having adequate pensions could become quite a challenge. The OECD Pensions Outlook 2014 discusses ways in which countries are addressing all these challenges, including the demographic challenge. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:42 - - Permalien [#]

Baltimore: Smacked Down by the Invisible Hand

By Bill Below. The city’s median income is $41,385, but as always the devil is in the details. To find the real picture of inequality you have to de-aggregate. The median income for whites in Baltimore is $60,550, but drops precipitously to $33,610 for blacks. Unemployment for young white men in Baltimore is 10%, but for young black males it jumps to 37%. As a point of reference, the unemployment rate at the worst point of the Great Depression was 25%. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:09 - - Permalien [#]

What will our livelihoods be like in 2030?

By Martha Baxter and Bathylle Missika. Humankind has experienced more than two centuries of almost continuous progress since the Industrial Revolution, but will this trend continue? And as we prepare to adopt a new set of Sustainable Development Goals to guide our policy choices, how can we best capitalise on progress made while anticipating challenges ahead such as the youth bulge or massive droughts? A new report by the OECD Development Centre supported by the Rockefeller Foundation cautions that that a number of global trends could slow or even reverse the progress made. Securing Livelihoods for All: Foresight for Action looks at how the world’s livelihoods may change between now and 2030. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:06 - - Permalien [#]

Women and children first: tackling harmful drinking

By Patrick Love. It’s the start of civilisation as we know it. The Neolithic Revolution I mean. That period around 10,000 years ago when we moved from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies. But why did we bother? After all, hunting and gathering was quite a nice life, especially for the hunters, who probably worked less than 15 hours a week (otherwise they’d have killed everything that wasn’t likely to kill them first), leaving most of the responsibility for the groceries to the women and children doing the gathering. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 12:03 - - Permalien [#]


Work longer for a healthy economy and a happy home

By Patrick Love. “There is no homogeneity in the solutions offered by industry to the two major issues of employment and retirement of the older worker, indicating not only the complex nature of the problem but also the lack of factual material upon which to base a solution.” That’s Dr W.M. Gafafer, writing in Public Health Reports in 1957. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 11:55 - - Permalien [#]

Senescence in the City

By Patrick Love. Anecdotal evidence suggests there are loads of grumpy old men and women around. A new, evidence-based report from the OECD offers some clues as to why this should be. The media are full of articles about the best places to retire to, and the typical result is a small town in a largely rural county, near the sea and maybe a golf course. The reality, according to Ageing in Cities, is that nearly half of the over-65s in the OECD area live in cities. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 11:54 - - Permalien [#]

Draft UNESCO Recommendation on Adult Learning and Education now available online

The revision of the 1976 Recommendation on the Development of Adult Education requested by the Belém Framework for Action has reached its final phase. In accordance with UNESCO’s rules and regulations, a final report on the revision process has recently been sent to Member States together with a draft text of the revised Recommendation.
The draft will be submitted to the 38th General Conference in the autumn for adoption. The document is now available online in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 11:45 - - Permalien [#]

2015 edition of Global Inventory of Regional and National Qualifications Frameworks

UNESCO HQ, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP), the European Training Foundation (ETF) and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) launched the 2015 edition of the Global Inventory of Regional and National Qualifications Frameworks at the 5th Asia-Europe Education Ministers’ Meeting (ASEM ME5), which took place in Riga, Latvia, from 27 to 28 April 2015. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 11:43 - - Permalien [#]

Networking to improve literacy policies in Europe

A total of 139 participants representing governments, NGOs, academia and education practitioners from 27 European countries and international organizations attended the second conference of the European Literacy Policy Network (ELINET), which took place in Budapest from 20 to 22 April 2015. The conference reflected the progress of the ELINET work programme, offered a selection of workshops and provided networking opportunities. UIL is a core member of ELINET, which links up 78 partner organizations in 28 European countries and is striving for the improvement of literacy policies in all member countries. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 11:41 - - Permalien [#]