18 octobre 2014

In my view: Development depends on realising the potential of taxation

By Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. Developing country governments would do well to strengthen their tax systems so they can mobilise the domestic resources they need to finance their own development. This is particularly true for African countries, where the recent trend of decreasing ODA shows no sign of reversing.
In developing countries in general, revenue administration is often hampered by weak organisational structures, low capacity of tax officials and a lack of modern, computerised, risk-management techniques. The value-added tax “gap” alone is estimated at around 50-60% in developing countries, compared with only 13% in developed countries. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 16:21 - - Permalien [#]

Changing minds

By Emily Hewett. Across the OECD an estimated 20% of the working-age population suffer from mental ill-health, and the social and economic impacts of this burden of illness are huge, according to the OECD’s recent publication Making Mental Health Count. Together, the direct and indirect costs of mental ill-health can exceed 4% of GDP across the OECD, driven by expenditure on medical needs and social care costs, as well as higher rates of unemployment and more absences from work. According to OECD’s Sick on the Job report, people with severe mental illness are 6 to 7 times more likely to be unemployed, while those with a mild-to-moderate illness are 2 to 3 times more likely to be unemployed. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 16:20 - - Permalien [#]

The growing pains of investment treaties

By Angel Gurría. International investment treaties are in the spotlight as articles in the Financial Times and The Economist last week show. An ad hoc investment arbitration tribunal recently awarded $50 billion to shareholders in Yukos. EU consultations on proposed investment provisions in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the United States generated a record 150,000 comments. There is intense public interest in treaty challenges to the regulation of tobacco marketing, nuclear power and health care. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 16:18 - - Permalien [#]

Financial literacy: What for?

By Guest author. Most of our problems are based on finances. Money is always an issue. I have to still provide for both my parents who are not working and make sure they are fed; I must pay their insurance policies because they no longer have the ability to pay them. I don’t earn enough money to afford all of that. - A 35-year-old man from Lesotho, interviewed as part of the UNCDF Making Access Possible initiative. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 16:17 - - Permalien [#]

A long-term view on inequality

By Brian Keeley. Still, there’s one thing that mightn’t surprise our visitor too much: Even though poverty is not what it once was, humanity is still divided between haves and the have-nots.
But is the world today really more unequal than in 1820, a time when emperors still sat on the throne in China, when monarchs ruled much of Europe and when mass industrialisation was still in its infancy? If you’re hoping for a simple yes or no, prepare to be disappointed. As the OECD’s recently released How Was Life? report shows, the world today is both more unequal and about as unequal as it was back in 1820. It all depends on how you look at it. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 16:15 - - Permalien [#]

Impact of Distance Education on Adult Learning (IDEAL)

The IDEAL project, funded by the Lifelong Learning Programme of the European Union, seeks to examine how higher education institutions can and do contribute to adult learning by way of distance education.
In order to receive regular updates, you can subscribe to the IDEAL newsletter here.
For more information on the project, please visit: www.idealproject.eu. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:58 - - Permalien [#]

International Conference in Okayama, Japan on Community-based learning and education for sustainable development

In the final year of the United Nations Decade for Sustainable Development (2005–2014), more than 700 policymakers and practitioners of community-based learning and education from Japan and other countries are gathering in Okayama City to share experiences and exchange opinions during the ‘Kominkan-CLC International Conference on ESD’  from 9 to 12 October 2014. Okayama’s kominkan (community learning centres) have played a major role in supporting collaborative learning and promoting sustainable development. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:55 - - Permalien [#]

Professor Jean Tirole receives Nobel Prize for Economics

LogoThe Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel for 2014 to Professor Jean Tirole (Toulouse School of Economics, Toulouse I Capitole University).
Professor Tirole has received the prize for his analysis of market power and regulation.
More information is available on the Nobel Prize website and the university website (in French). More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:51 - - Permalien [#]

Report from EUA's 2nd Funding Forum: ‘Strategies for efficient funding of universities’

LogoHosted by the University of Bergamo in Italy, from 9 to 10 October, EUA's 2nd Funding Forum gathered around 250 participants from 35 countries. University leaders and managers, researchers, representatives of student bodies, public authorities and private-sector partners came together to discuss and debate “strategies for efficient funding of universities”.
The findings of the ongoing DEFINE project, exploring strategies for efficient funding of higher education in Europe, informed the debates on a series of topics linked to university funding and governance. Particular attention was given to the question of “performance-based funding”, and the different understandings of this notion throughout Europe, as well as the types of mechanisms in place. Participants were also presented with research on funding formulae and the impact of various indicators on university performance. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:50 - - Permalien [#]

IEP launches new round of evaluations for 2014-15

LogoThe Institutional Evaluation Programme (IEP) is preparing to evaluate ten universities in the coming academic year. Seven universities will have full evaluations and three further institutions will have follow-up evaluations to assess changes implemented since their last evaluation.
Members of the IEP pool of experts recently gathered for an annual seminar in Porto on 2 and 3 October which focused on emerging trends in European higher education as well as stimulating team dynamics. The event also served as an opportunity to mark 20 years of IEP activities and disseminate the IEP anniversary publication “A twenty-year contribution to institutional change: EUA’s Institutional Evaluation Programme”. Further details about IEP can be found here. More...

Posté par pcassuto à 15:47 - - Permalien [#]