From “soft power” to “economic diplomacy”: A comparative look at the implications of changing rationales for international education on the federal role in higher education in the U.S. and Canada.
International education, formerly viewed as a nation’s “soft power” strategy engaged federal governments through their responsibility for international diplomacy and foreign relations.  This policy approach has now diversified to a revenue generating approach, skilled migration approach and a capacity building approach,  and is increasingly linked to national economic success and prosperity, thus intensifying the need for a more targeted and coordinated role for national governments.  In January 2014, the Canadian federal government took an unprecedented step and announced its first ever international education policy, Canada’s International Education Strategy: Harnessing Our Knowledge Advantage to Drive Innovation and Prosperity.  In the U.S. , although the Department of Education announced its first–ever international strategy in November 2012, Succeeding Globally Through International Education and Engagement,  the absence of a comprehensive and clearly laid out national strategy is lamented. More...