By Pierre-Antoine Ullmo. The European MOOCs stakeholders summit starts today in Lausanne. The future of MOOCs will be discussed extensively. In the book Mania, Panics, and Crashes — which I translated and first published into French back in 1993 — the American economist Charles Kindleberger  wrote that economic history is replete with manias of all kind: canal manias, railroad manias, joint stock company manias, real estate manias, and stock price manias. Are we facing an MOOCs mania, another speculative bubble that sooner or later will come to an end? More...