By Marielk. HSBC, an international banking organisation has examined study costs in 13 countries in terms of tuition and overall living costs to determine the most expensive countries to study in. Their results indicate that Australia is with a relatively clear margin the most expensive country to study in – topping the list for both highest tuition fees as well as highest living costs. Australia is followed by US and UK in the list of most expensive countries, but the costs for studying in UK are over 20% lower than in Australia – from over 38,5 thousand dollars down to just over 30 thousand annually. More...
The European Union has 24 official and working languages. They are: Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish and Swedish.
The first Community Regulation determining official languages was passed in 1958. It specified Dutch, French, German and Italian as the first official and working languages of the EU, these being the languages of the Member States at that time. Since then, as more countries have become part of the EU, the number of official and working languages has increased. However, there are fewer official languages than Member States, as some share common languages. In Belgium, for example, the official languages are Dutch, French and German, whilst in Cyprus the majority of the population speaks Greek, which has official status.
There are two main entitlements for languages with “official and working” status:
- documents may be sent to EU institutions and a reply received in any of these languages
- EU regulations and other legislative documents are published in the official and working languages, as is the Official Journal
Due to time and budgetary constraints, relatively few working documents are translated into all languages. The European Commission employs English, French and German in general as procedural languages, whereas the European Parliament provides translation into different languages according to the needs of its Members.
More info: Official languages and other facts about European countries.
- Give citizens the chance of learning two languages in addition to their mother tongue from an early age.
- Create friendlier societies, where different communities and individuals engage in dialogue with one another.
- Strengthen the role of languages in improving employability and competitiveness.
These objectives are the backbone of ‘multilingualism policy’. This section presents the activities the Commission has undertaken in these fields. To achieve its medium to long-term objectives the Commission promotes multilingualism throughout the whole range of its policies and programmes, providing an impulse for Member States, local authorities and social partners to take action at their level.
Languages for business
Language and communication skills are highly demanded by European employers. Moreover, citizens who speak more languages can reap the full benefits of free movement in the EU and can integrate more easily in another country for study or work. How can we improve the language skills of the European citizens and thus make them more employable? More...
Languages in the community
The EU promotes language learning to enhance social integration, cultural understanding –and European integration. Learning languages is an excellent way of getting a better understanding of other people's values, culture and behaviour.
The European Commission has set up the following groups and forums to promote language learning:
a survey on students’ proficiency in the two most widely taught European languages
surveys of the language skills of European citizens and their attitudes towards language learning
languages in the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training
information on the status and number of speakers of European sign languages
support for language learning from an early age
International Conference on 27th February 2014 in Siena, Italy
Organized by the Università per Stranieri di Siena, this conference brings together researchers who are particularly sensitive to cross-cultural issues in subtitling.
The conference aims to explore key concerns associated with subtitling and intercultural communication with a particular focus on European languages such as English, German, Italian and Spanish, in order to promote the cross-fertilization of practices, ideas and theoretical approaches.
The idea to investigate subtitling from an intercultural perspective, and also with reference to language teaching, is due to the fact that the Università per Stranieri di Siena has been actively engaged for many years in these areas of research. Furthermore, recent studies have correlated the relevance of new technologies (subtitling included) with language learning, creating new scenarios which involve an increasing number of people with different languages and cultures. Other subject areas have developed an interest in subtitling: translation studies, linguistics, as well as studies on communication for the deaf and hard of hearing. More...
This site helps you navigate in e-Learning sources, MOOCs, Certification exams. You can use this service to find MOOCs, online courses, exams to get credit after MOOC, share comments and reviews.
We systematize information about free & cheap online education. Our mission is to help people to build a personal education path using free or cheap online courses and certification exams as alternative to traditional higher education. Our mission is to help to find free alternatives to expensive college/university courses.
This project is funded with the support of the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
About the project
The ARALE Project aims to collect awareness raising and advocacy campaigns for adult education in Europe directed at the general public, at specific target groups and at policy-makers.
How to raise awareness on adult education? Best practice collection
One of the main objective of the ARALE project is to get better information and knowledge about awareness raising campaigns and better know-how on how to organise, structure and execute campaigns from a civil society perspective.
The ARALE Conference will present the results of the project and some best practise examples of awareness raising activities for adult education that were organised in Europe towards the general public, specific target groups and policy-makers. Workshops will allow the participants to discuss specific issues in smaller groups. The agenda is currently being drafted.
In this section you will find the ARALE material and the useful links and publications related to the project's topic.
AEA international conference "AEA international conference 'Celebrating Informal Learning and Well-Being in Later Life'
The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
There is evidence that an engaged lifestyle can contribute to subjective feelings of well-being in later life; equally practical learning can help maintain physical well-being. However we need a much better understanding of what such experiences mean to different older people. This conference aims to open up debate, in particular to clarify the interaction between informal learning and well-being, to explore how it might be evaluated and to consider the implications for educational and social policy and practice in times of economic stringency.
The conference is organised by the Association for Education and Ageing (AEA).
The keynote speech will be given by Dr Marvin Formosa, European Centre of Gerontology, University of Malta. The conference will also incorporate the Frank Glendenning Memorial Lecture which will be given by Professor Judith Phillips, Professor of Gerontology at Swansea University and Director of the Older People and Ageing Research Network in Wales.
A full conference programme, list of speakers and booking information can be found in the 'Events' page of the Association for Education and Ageing website.
19-20 September 2013, Bologna, Italy
The overall objective of the event - which in the first place is meant to be a meeting place to facilitate networking and develop further collaborations at European level - is therefore to disseminate the outcomes of the project and share the knowledge developed throughout the three years of its duration, as well as to give participants an opportunity to compare experiences and exchange ideas with colleagues from all over Europe. On 19 September it will be possible to join the LEM Working Groups in the thematic seminars focused on their research - The outcomes of their work will be presented. The international conference will be held on 20 September and will be livestreamed. There is no conference fee. The conference has been registered on the Comenius Grundtvig Catalogue with the code IT-2013-960-001.
The provisional programme
More detailed information will follow in due time on the Conference website.
Get the Inside Scoop on How to Build a Badge System From the Badges for Lifelong Learning DML Competition Grantees
By HASTAC Admin. If you’re looking for information, advice, and lessons learned about designing, developing, and deploying badge systems, look no further than HASTAC’s new Project Q&A Interviews with the 30 Badges for Lifelong Learning Competition grantees. This is the most substantial information about badge system development to be published since the launch of the Competition two years ago.
Thirty rich, thorough grantee surveys convey the variety of experiences and insights of badge development and institutional adoption, offering all of us real-life examples of how to build badge system for a wide range of audiences and purposes: higher ed, professional development, museum programs, schools, veterans, workforce development, and anywhere, anytime learning environments. More...