In a new blog post, Peter Greenwood, the ETF’s head of department for the evidence-based policy making, explains the objectives and principles of the Torino Process.
The Torino Process maintains a double objective of policy analysis and capacity building. In order to achieve both objectives, four principles have been set to guide the work of the Torino Process.
These principles affect the type of policy analysis:
• (i) designing a holistic approach and
• (ii) fostering evidence use to ensure the robustness of the policy analysis.
They also shape the type of capacity building process:
• (iii) promoting country ownership and
• (iv) participation
Why a holistic approach?
The nature of the vocational education and training field is unique: it is placed at the crossroads between education and employment spheres, and pursues simultaneously very different goals linked to economic development and competitiveness, employability, social inclusion and social cohesion, in a perspective of sustainable development. Therefore the Torino Process has adopted a “holistic” approach to reflect those features.
Why an evidence base?
The robustness and soundness of the analysis are to be ensured through using a wide range of information and data, gathered from different sources in the country as well as from international sources, mixing the outcomes of the participatory process and the findings of existing, not always broadly used, information. The information types and sources are highly diverse and provide both quantitative and qualitative evidence in the form of statistical data and indicators, examples of good practice, qualitative assessments, existing national and international studies, reports from different stakeholders and the results of focus group meetings.
Linking with the above, the usefulness and impact of the Torino Process in the country will be all the higher as main target audiences will be involved. On the above example of governance assessment, the likelihood of having improvement measures taken following the assessment will probably be bigger if the authorities have bene closely involved from the first assumptions to the final findings of the exercise, have recognized the sources of evidence as valid, and thus feel part of the analysis made.
Drawing on the EU Open Method of Coordination, the Torino Process is implemented on the basis of broad participation by, and consultation with, a wide range of stakeholders (policymakers, social partners, practitioners and researchers from the public and private sectors, civic society, communities), who are involved at different stages of the process in collecting data, discussing the findings of the review exercise and formulating recommendations. Although it primarily targets stakeholders of VET policies, it also includes stakeholders from employment, education, industry and economic development areas.
These principles were agreed with ETF partners during the 2011 Torino Process conference. We will be reviewing the principles at the conference in May 2013 to see if they need to be revised based on the lessons learned during the current round.