30 mars 2013

La Commission européenne tente de séduire les étudiants et chercheurs étrangers

Toute l'europe.eu, Toute l'europe en un clicLa Commission européenne tente de séduire les étudiants et chercheurs étrangers
Etudiants et chercheurs internationaux, "you're welcome in Europe!". Si quelque 200 000 étudiants et chercheurs en provenance de pays tiers participent chaque année à un programme d'échange avec l'Union européenne, leur nombre tend à décroître. Pour inverser la tendance, Cecilia Malmström, commissaire européenne aux Affaires intérieures, propose de faciliter l'accès et l'installation des étudiants, chercheurs, mais également des écoliers, des stagiaires, des bénévoles et  jeunes filles au pair au sein de l'Union européenne.
Pour ce faire, la Commission entend simplifier les règles et procédures administratives d'admission à l'Union. De même, les étudiants internationaux devraient désormais être en droit d'exercer un job durant leurs études. Enfin, à l'issue du programme d'échange, l'exécutif européen propose d'accorder un délai supplémentaire d'un an à tout étudiant ou chercheur à la recherche d'un poste ou souhaitant créer sa propre entreprise sur le sol européen.
Ar fud na hEorpa. AE eoraip Gach i amháin cliceáil Tá an Coimisiún Eorpach ag iarraidh a seduce mic léinn eachtracha agus do thaighdeoirí. Mic léinn agus taighdeoirí idirnáisiúnta, "tá tú fáilte roimh san Eoraip". Más rud é thart ar 200,000 mac léinn agus taighdeoirí ó thríú tíortha páirt a ghlacadh gach bliain i gclár malartaithe leis an Aontas Eorpach, bíonn an líon a laghdú. Níos mó...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:49 - - Permalien [#]

Studienanfängerzahl sinkt auf hohem Niveau

http://www.epapercatalog.com/images/zeit-online-epaper.jpgDie Zahl der Studienanfänger hat den Rekordwert von 2011 nicht halten können: 2012 schrieben sich fast fünf Prozent weniger ein. Ein Studiengang schrumpfte besonders. 
Die Zahl der Erstsemester-Studierenden an deutschen Hochschulen sinkt – ausgehend von einem hohen Niveau. Im vergangenen Jahr schrieben sich nach Angaben des Statistischen Bundesamtes 493.500 junge Menschen erstmals zum Studium ein – ein Rückgang von 4,9 Prozent im Vergleich zum Vorjahr. Die Zahl der männlichen Erstsemester sank sogar um knapp zehn Prozent auf 249.600 – die Aussetzung der Wehrpflicht 2011 hatte damals die Zahl der männlichen Erstimmatrikulierten überdurchschnittlich stark steigen lassen. Bei den Frauen gab es einen leichten Zuwachs um 0,8 Prozent auf 248.800. Mehr...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:46 - - Permalien [#]

Banks Write Off $3 Billion in Student Debt Already This Year

By Julia Lawrence. US Banks are now starting to feel a real pinch of the student loan crisis as the number of students who default on their debt is skyrocketing. In just the first two months of 2013, banking institutions have had to write off more than $3 billion in student loan debt, a 36% increase over the same period last year. The data comes courtesy of a report by the credit reporting agency Equifax, which also shows that while part of the increase could be attributed to continuing economic malaise, other factors play a role as well. The borrowing volume is up over the past year as more people secure loans to go back to school to wait out a weak job market and as college tuition continues to grow. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:41 - - Permalien [#]

Shorter PhDs and more active thesis committees

By David Kent. It seems that my last post created a bit of a stir and unfortunately I was away for a week and didn’t catch up to the comments right away. I think it’s important based on those comments to clarify a few things about my perspective on this before going into ways that we can manage the core issues.
First, I am not advocating for low postdoctoral salaries in Canada – far from it. I know there are many underpaid and undervalued highly educated people out there and the crisis is especially bad in the humanities (low to no funding) and life sciences (very lengthy doctoral and postdoctoral terms). The main point I was trying to make in the article was that we need to provide good sound reasoning why increases are needed and where the money should come from. I also would stress again that the idea of paying more grant dollars into salary will not be palatable without such a measured approach.
Second, I do not view academic research like a private-sector capitalist endeavour and find the comparison to coal mining unfair. To me, research is the stuff governments pay to get done for the public because the private sector won’t pay for it. Unfortunately, that gives academic researchers extraordinarily little bargaining power – if we stop doing academic research, few will notice the effect immediately. Moreover, coal miners worked in the 1800s because they had to in order to feed families. Despite the chronic undervaluing of postdoctoral fellows, these postdocs are not starving nor do they have “no other option” to make more money – they can (and do) leave. It doesn’t mean that academic researchers should be poorly paid, but it does again mean that the case for increases needs to be strongly argued and well justified. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:28 - - Permalien [#]

A doctorate for all seasons

http://resources2.news.com.au/cs/australian/paid/images/sprite/module-headings-full-width.pngMORE coursework and skills with wide application are among suggestions to update doctoral education.
"The traditional purpose of a PhD was to provide the training necessary to start on an academic career," says a new discussion paper, The changing PhD, from the Group of Eight universities.
"This is no longer the case and in some countries as few as five percent of PhD graduates find permanent academic positions.
"Another potential career pathway is as a researcher in industry.
"However, many PhD graduates find themselves in non-academic, non-research positions in which they will not use their disciplinary knowledge and skills directly. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:27 - - Permalien [#]

Degrees of Certainty

By Melonie Fullick. A recent post by David Naylor, the President of the University of Toronto, has been quite popular with academics and has generated a lot of commentary. Naylor makes the argument that Canadian higher education is dogged by “zombie ideas”, and he describes two of them: the first is that universities “ought to produce more job-ready, skills-focused graduates [and] focus on preparing people for careers”. The second is the idea that research driven by short-term application or commercialization, should be prioritized by universities because it provides a better return on governments’ funding investments. I focus here on the first point, since in the past few weeks, in the run-up to the federal budget on March 21st, there has been a great deal of coverage of the alleged “skills gap” in in the Canadian workforce. Others have already done the work of summarising this issue, but as a quick recap, the argument goes something like this: business leaders and employers in Canada complain (to the government) that they cannot fill positions because candidates lack the skills. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:26 - - Permalien [#]

Skills debate: Why can’t we all get along?

By Léo Charbonneau. Prior to the unveiling of the federal budget last Thursday, there was lots of talk about a “skills mismatch” in Canada which had some within the university community concerned. That’s because at least some of the reporting contained blithe assertions like, “there are too many kids getting BAs and not enough welders,” or hoary clichés about “all those bartenders and baristas with expensive university degrees.”
In the end, the skills provisions in the 2013 budget likely will have little practical impact, positive or negative, on universities. The budget’s signature new Canada Jobs Grant program to help train or retrain Canadians for “labour market demands” is meant to be of short duration and is aimed at community colleges, career colleges and trade union training centres. There is some doubt about whether such a program will have the desired effect or is needed, but that’s a different matter. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:24 - - Permalien [#]

Attract the best students? Canada won’t even buy a glass of water

Go to the Globe and Mail homepageBy Mel Broitman. The Harper government boasts that foreign students brought $8-billion into the Canadian economy in 2010. When you consider what’s at stake, and the federal government’s goal to double the international student intake by 2022, it borders on the absurd to think that in promoting Canadian education abroad, the Canadian government is short of funds to serve a glass of water. Such is the way Canada frequently presents itself as an international student recruiter. This was on display recently when the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade held a major Canadian education promotion event in Lagos, Nigeria, in January. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:21 - - Permalien [#]

Most parents don’t know total cost of sending child to university

Go to the Globe and Mail homepageBy Lu Ann La Salle. The cost of a four-year university degree for a child born in 2013 could rise to more than $140,000 due to tuition inflation, a new study says. But three-quarters of parents with children under 18 haven’t made a detailed estimate of the total cost of post-secondary education, said BMO’s Wealth Institute in a report released on Wednesday. Tuition and other costs for a four-year university degree now can cost more than $60,000, the report said. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:18 - - Permalien [#]

Limits on research lead to ‘bonsai’ universities

By Roger Moore. The draft letter of expectation that the provincial government recently sent to the University of Alberta is great cause for concern for those who value the benefits of research. Research is essentially an assembly line: at the forefront there are fundamental researchers extracting the raw knowledge about the nature of the universe. These knowledge breakthroughs are then refined and processed by applied researchers to create the technological breakthroughs that industry then takes and uses to create devices and processes that increase our standard of living. If this were the oil industry, applied research would be a refinery and basic research would be the prospectors and drillers who find, extract and feed the crude oil to the refinery. Nobody would ever suggest that we stop prospecting and drilling for oil and focus purely on refining, because once the existing reserves ran out, the refinery would shutdown. Read more...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:15 - - Permalien [#]