Application de la législation communautaire en matière de SIEG, la Commission européenne publie une version actualisée du guide de 2010.
La Commission européenne a rendu public une version actualisée du guide « relatif à l’application des règles européennes en matière d’aides d’Etats, de marchés publics et de marché intérieur aux services d’intérêt économique général (SIEG), en particulier aux SSIG ». Il s’agit pour l’essentiel d’intégrer les modifications issues de la révision des règles en matière de financement des missions de services publics intervenues avec l’adoption du paquet « Almunia » fin 2011 et début 2012. Dans son document la Commission tente d’apporter des éléments de réponses à quelques 237 questions et de fournir des exemples concrets tirés de sa pratique et de la jurisprudence. Ces questions concernent les notions essentielles à l’application des règles communautaires comme la qualification des SIEG, la notion d’activité économique ou non économique, le contrôle de l’erreur manifeste d’appréciation, les conditions d’application du paquet Almunia, l’articulation entre règles relatives aux aides d’Etats et règles en matière de commande publique etc… Les 109 pages du guide sont pour le moment accessibles en anglais, elles devaient l’être prochainement dans l’ensemble des langues officielles de l’UE. Lien vers le guide de la Commission.
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Passages concernant la formation
52. Does the following constitute an act of entrustment within the meaning of the State Aid rules and the Services Directive: a decision by a regional public authority defining a vocational training social service of general interest and entrusting management of this service to one or more training entities?

A decision by a regional public authority, with binding legal force under national law, that defines (a) the nature and duration of the public service obligations, (b) the undertaking or undertakings entrusted with these obligations and the territory concerned, (c) the nature of any exclusive or special rights granted to the undertaking(s), (d) the parameters for calculating, controlling and reviewing the compensation, and (e) the arrangements for avoiding and repaying any overcompensation may constitute an act of entrustment within the meaning of the Decision (see also question 47 above).
Such a decision, constituting an act of entrustment within the meaning of the State Aid rules, also constitutes an act mandating the provider within the meaning of the Services Directive because it creates an obligation on the undertaking(s) in question to provide the service.
On the other hand, if the decision in quest ion imposes an obligation to provide the service but does not include the elements mentioned above, it constitutes an act mandating the provider within the meaning of the Services Directive but not an act of entrustment within the meaning of the SGEI package...
99. What does the term ‘access to and reintegration into the labour market’ in Article2(1)(c) cover? Is professional training part of it?
The term ‘access to and reintegration into the labour market’ refers to different types of services that aim at facilitating the employability. Professional training only falls under Article 2(1)(c) of the Decision if it allows access to or reintegration into the labour market or if it fosters the social inclusion of a vulnerable group. Therefore, for example, professional training for the long-term unemployed falls under Article 2(1)(c) of the Decision. If the professional training, in contrast, is for persons already in employment, it would normally not fall under Article 2(1)(c) of the Decision, unless it were to provide for the inclusion of a vulnerable group. It should be noted, however, that State aid for professional training can be granted under the conditions set out in Article 38 and 39 of Regulation 800/2008/EC (General block exemption Regulation)...
187. Do SGEIs concerning the social and work integration of unemployed people and the vocational training come within the scope of the Decision or the General block exemption Regulation (EC) No 800/2008 140?

An SGEI concerning social and work integration or vocational training, defined as such by the State and entrusted to an undertaking by it, may come within the scope of the Decision, provided that the conditions laid down therein are fulfilled. Therefore, compensation paid to an undertaking which has a public service remit in the field of social and work integration or training may be exempted from notification in so far as the undertaking concerned has genuinely been entrusted with this public service task (see more specifically the conditions for entrustment in Articles 2, 4 and 6 of the Decision and section 3.4.2 of this guide).
Moreover, aid for undertakings which recruit disadvantaged persons within the meaning of Article 2(18) of Regulation (EC) No 800/2008 may benefit from the notification exemption laid down in the Regulation, provided it fulfils the conditions established in Chapter I of the Regulation and those laid down in Article 40 of the same Regulation.
As far as aid for undertakings which invest in training of workers within the meaning of Article 38 of Regulation (EC) No 800/2008 is concerned, it may benefit from the notification exemption laid dow n in the Regulation, provided it fulfils the conditions established in Chapter I of the Regulation and those laid down in Article 39 of the same Regulation...
236. Does the following constitute an act of entrustment within the meaning of the Services Directive: an official decision by a region al public authority defining a vocational training social service of general interest and entrusting management of this to one or more training undertakings by means of a service concession, with the granting of public service compensation?

Where an official decision by a regional pub lic authority entrusts to a training undertaking a service concession involving the management of a vocational training social service of general interest, the undertaking cannot be regarded as a ‘mandated provider’ within the meaning of Article 2(2)(j) unless it is under an obligation to provide the service. Each individual case must be examined in the light of the specific circumstances.
In addition, under Article 2(2)(j) of the Directive, read in conjunction with recital 27 of the Directive, the vocational training service provided by a provider mandated by the State cannot be regarded as excluded from the scope of the Directive unless it fulfils the conditions of recital 27, being aimed at people ‘who are permanently or temporarily in a particular state of need because of their insufficient family income or total or partial lack of independence’ and for those ‘who risk being marginalised’, for instance the unemployed.
Lastly, it must be pointed out that the services excluded from the scope of the Services Directive still come under the TFEU rules, in particular those on freedom of establishment and freedom to provide services (Articles 49 and 56 TFEU). See also the answer to question 226. As regards the application of the rules on State Aid to this type of measure, see the answer to question 52...
Bhfeidhm reachtaíocht an Chomhphobail maidir le SGEI, d'fhoilsigh an Coimisiún Eorpach treoir cothrom le dáta le haghaidh 2010.
Tá an Coimisiún Eorpach a scaoileadh leagan cothrom le dáta den treoir "ar chur i bhfeidhm rialacha an AE maidir le státchabhair, soláthar poiblí agus an margadh inmheánach ar sheirbhísí de leas eacnamaíoch i gcoitinne (SGEI), go háirithe SSGI. Níos mó...