01 juin 2012

Le DIF - qu'en pensent les salariés

http://www.kelformation.com/images/structure/logo-kf.gifPar Marion Senant - © Kelformation. Le Dif a passé l’âge de raison: son existence est maintenant largement connue des salariés, mais les détails techniques leur échappent encore. Son utilisation, elle, reste minoritaire, même si les salariés considèrent de plus en plus la formation comme un investissement.
Une connaissance « sommaire » du Dif

En 2005, un an après sa création, si vous interrogiez un salarié sur le Dif, vous aviez toutes les chances de n’obtenir aucune réponse. Depuis, le Dif a fait du chemin et désormais, 97% des salariés interrogés par le groupe Demos, dans le cadre de son enquête « Dif: quelle réalité pour les salariés », disent connaître le Dif. Le problème, c’est que cette « connaissance » reste très superficielle: seulement un personne sur trois sait de combien d’heures elle dispose et 28% des salariés interrogés ne connaissent pas la règle du plafonnement des heures.
Les détails « techniques » de la mise en place d’un Dif sont donc largement méconnus, même si la situation tend à s’améliorer lentement. Le problème, c’est souvent que les entreprises communiquent peu sur le dispositif. L’enquête de Demos classe ces dernières en trois catégories: celles qui informent leurs salariés largement sur le sujet, notamment via un catalogue, celles qui ne font rien et celles qui répondent aux demandes de Dif au cas par cas.
« Le Dif n’est pas encore devenu un véritable outil de management de la formation », conclut l’enquête. Les Ressources Humaines « tentent de garder la maitrise » et il y a « une absence de prise en compte de la dimension négociée du Dif et une communication souvent formelle », ajoute-t-elle.
Des salariés de plus en plus prêt à se former sur leur temps libre

Pourtant, l’attitude des salariés face à la formation évolue. La part des salariés qui refusent catégoriquement de se former autrement que sur leur temps de travail a plongé de 57% à 29%. Désormais, la majeure partie d’entre eux est prête à sacrifier son temps libre pour se former: 23% accepteraient d’y consacrer leur RTT, 13% leur pauses et 19% accepteraient une formation le matin ou le soir, en dehors des heures de travail.
Dans les faits et dans les souhaits, les salariés favorisent largement les formations liées à leur emploi (59%), mais ils suivent généralement des formations « transverses », qui développent leur employabilité en général: développement personnel, management et langue en particulier.
On assiste donc à un véritable changement de point de vue sur la formation. Les salariés la considèrent de plus en plus comme un véritable investissement qui leur permet de développer leur compétence au sein de leur entreprise, mais aussi dans un projet de mobilité future.
Le problème, c’est que ce raisonnement est principalement celui des cadres des grandes entreprises d’Ile-de-France, qui sont les principaux bénéficiaires du Dif. Le dispositif a pourtant été créé en priorité pour favoriser le développement des compétences et la mobilité des salariés les moins qualifiés, mais ceux sont justement ceux qui en profitent le moins. Voir le DIF: le guide complet.

http://www.kelformation.com/images/structure/logo-kf.gifAf Marion Senant - © Kelformation. Det Dif gik en alder af grunden: dets eksistens er nu almindeligt kendt til medarbejderne, men de tekniske detaljer stadig undvige dem. Dets anvendelse, er det stadig et mindretal, selvom medarbejderne føler sig mere og mere uddannelse som en investering.
Viden "sammendrag" af Dif

I 2005, et år efter dens oprettelse, hvis du skulle spørge en medarbejder på Dif, du havde alle muligheder for at få noget svar.
Siden da, kommer de Dif langt, og nu, 97% af medarbejderne i undersøgelsen fra Demos-gruppen, som led i sin undersøgelse "Dif: hvad er virkeligheden for medarbejdere," siger, at de kender Dif. Mere...

Posté par pcassuto à 23:29 - - Permalien [#]


La circulaire Guéant sur les étudiants étrangers abrogée

http://static.olj.me/images/logocom2.jpgUne circulaire controversée limitant l'emploi des étudiants étrangers en France a été abrogée jeudi par le gouvernement de François Hollande, un an jour pour jour après sa publication par le précédent gouvernement, a annoncé un communiqué interministériel.
"Le ministre de l'Intérieur, Manuel Valls, le ministre du Travail, de l'Emploi, de la Formation professionnelle et du dialogue social, Michel Sapin, et la ministre de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, Geneviève Fioraso, ont officialisé, aujourd'hui, l'abrogation de la circulaire du 31 mai 2011 relative à l'accès au marché du travail des étudiants étrangers", annonce le communiqué.
"Cette abrogation se fait par le biais d'une nouvelle circulaire, conjointement établie par les trois ministres", ajoute le communiqué en précisant que le nouveau texte "établit des règles précises et transparentes dans le cadre du code de l'entrée et du séjour des étrangers et du droit d'asile et du code du travail".
"Il s'agit, en particulier, d'assurer l'égalité de traitement sur le territoire, de faciliter les démarches des étudiants et d'apporter une réponse rapide à leur demande de changement de statut", poursuit le texte en indiquant que le délai d'instruction des dossiers "ne pourra pas excéder deux mois".
La circulaire Guéant (du nom de l'ancien ministre de l'Intérieur Claude Guéant) restreignant l'accès au travail aux diplômés étrangers après leurs études en France avait provoqué une levée de boucliers dans les universités et des réserves au sein du gouvernement et du patronat. Le texte contesté demandait aux préfets d'instruire "avec rigueur" les demandes d'autorisation de travail des étudiants et d'exercer un "contrôle approfondi" des demandes de changement de statut des étudiants étrangers.
Après sa publication, de nombreux diplômés étrangers, dont certains très qualifiés, qui avaient été recrutés dans des entreprises françaises, n'ont pas pu obtenir un changement de statut d'étudiant à salarié. Durant la campagne présidentielle ce texte avait été critiqué par l'équipe du candidat socialiste François Hollande, élu président le 6 mai.
Voir aussi Etudiants étrangers: finalement, Guéant va adapter sa circulaire, Diplômés étrangers: la circulaire Guéant préoccupe les entreprises françaises.

http://static.olj.me/images/logocom2.jpg ~ ~ V A kontroverzný kruhový obmedzujú používanie zahraničných študentov vo Francúzsku bola zrušená vo štvrtok vlády Francois Hollandom, jeden rok na deň po jeho uverejnení predchádzajúcej vládou, hovorí vyhlásenie Inter. Viac...

Posté par pcassuto à 00:52 - - Permalien [#]

World's top 100 universities under the age of 50: ranked by Times Higher Education

http://static.guim.co.uk/static/b05b48a62321634f4c0395bffea3cb2437e98040/common/images/logos/the-guardian/news.gifSouth Korea's Pohang University of Science and Technology has been ranked the best university under the age of 50. Find out which universities have made the list.
Get the data.
Get the 2012 university reputation rankings.
More data journalism and data visualisations from the Guardian.
South Korea's Pohang University of Science and Technology has topped a list of the best universities under the age of 50. The inaugural rankings by Times Higher Education (THE) aim to show "which nations are challenging the US and UK as the next higher education powerhouses". Swiss university, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne follows in second place. Six countries are represented in the top 10 - South Korea, Switzerland, Hong Kong, US, France and the UK, making it more diverse than the traditional world top 100 which is usually dominated by US and UK institutions. Universities in East Asia are highlighted in the rankings, with South Korea taking two of the top five places. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology comes in at third place and in total Hong Kong has four institutions within the top 50. The Google fusion map above shows the locations of all the universities on the top 100 under 50 rankings and includes individual scores for teaching, research, citations, income from industry and international mix. Click on an icon to explore. Click here to explore the full screen version of the map.

Posté par pcassuto à 00:23 - - Permalien [#]

Is a university education still worth the time and money?

http://static.guim.co.uk/static/b05b48a62321634f4c0395bffea3cb2437e98040/common/images/logos/the-guardian/news.gifBy Jeevan Vasagar; Paolo Baroni, La Stampa; Isabelle Rey-Lefebvre, Le Monde; Juan Antonio Aunión, El Pais. Across Europe, young people are doing the same calculations: pay their way through three or four years of higher education for uncertain returns – or take their chances without a degree. Giulia is 20 years old. She is in her second year at Sapienza University in Rome, studying communication science, but has decided to drop out.
Is this because she chose the wrong subject? No – like many other students in Italy, she simply no longer believes that her degree will help her to find a job. Not only has the financial crisis left many facing an uncertain future, but the education system itself is believed to be useless by families who point out that it does not reward merit. In the current academic year, according to the latest report from the national committee for university grading, less than 60% of pupils with high-school diplomas enrolled at an Italian university, the lowest percentage for 30 years.
"It's far better to get a job without doing a degree," says Giulia. In a few weeks she will be at the seaside in Ostia, working in a bar run by her aunt and uncle.
All across Europe, young people are performing the same calculations: pay their way through three or four years of higher education for uncertain returns, or take their chances without a degree. In countries such as Italy and Britain, there is a real financial cost: tuition fees of up to £9,000 in the UK from September, and as much as €3,000 (£2,400) in Italy.
Entry-level salaries for graduates are shrinking – and yet a degree is still a big advantage in the fight against unemployment. Among 25- to 29-year-old graduates in the European Union, unemployment rose from 7% to 9.2% between 2008 and 2011, while among people with only basic education it went from 16.1% to 24.3%.
Nevertheless, in countries such as Italy, a university degree may be a risky investment: Italy's universities are ranked among the lowest in Europe by Eurostat, as only 76.6% of graduates find work, compared with an EU average of 82.3%.
Many students will be well into their studies before they realise that they have little competitive advantage to show for their efforts. In France, the BA from public universities is now considered so inferior that it is almost mandatory to continue on to a master's. Not surprisingly, in countries such as France and Italy, where the standard university bachelor degrees are somewhat tarnished, high numbers of students do not complete their courses. In French public universities, 48% of first-year entrants do not go on to the second year and just 38% finish the three-year course. Italy has a drop-out rate of 45%.
With student numbers multiplying in Europe and across the world (from 50 million in 1980 to 170 million in 2009), students "look for other ways to differentiate themselves apart from their degree certificate", according to Rolf van der Velden, a professor at Maastricht University. These include master's degrees and postgraduate courses. In Britain, experts believe the university is more important than the course; a situation that is similar in France, with regard to the highly thought-of grandes écoles.
So a university education is worth it? The student verdict in Britain appears to be yes, just about. Despite the tripling of many tuition fees this autumn, university application numbers have not fallen that much – by about 9% year-on-year. The number of 18-year-old UK applicants – the largest single group of candidates – has decreased by 2.6%. Unexpectedly, the application figures also reveal a sharper drop among more affluent candidates than among those from disadvantaged backgrounds.
The latest application figures show a drop in applicants from the rest of the EU – down from around 45,000 last year to around 39,000 for this September. But UK universities remain popular with candidates from the rest of the world. There are big rises in applications from Hong Kong, Malaysia and other east Asian countries.

Posté par pcassuto à 00:11 - - Permalien [#]

Rankings rivals slug it out over new universities

http://enews.ksu.edu.sa/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/UWN.jpgBy David Jobbins. The main rivals in the international higher education rankings business went head to head this week to launch league tables of the world’s top newer universities. Hours before Times Higher Education magazine was due to publish its Top 100 ranking of universities under 50 years old with data supplied by Thomson Reuters, QS leapt in with its own Top 50.
Both illustrate the impact of higher education investment in emerging economies, with universities from East Asia in particular challenging the dominant university systems of the United States and Britain. The QS ranking is headed by two Hong Kong universities – the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST).
Other Far East universities dominate the top 10: Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University is fourth, the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology is fifth, Korea’s Pohang University of Science and Technology is seventh, and a third Hong Kong institution, City University of Hong Kong, is ninth. UK universities perform strongly, with the universities of Warwick and York third and sixth respectively. Maastricht University in The Netherlands is the only continental European university and the University of California, Irvine (10th) is the only US university in the top 10.
The THE ranking places Korea's Pohang, a private university founded in 1986, at the top, with HKUST third and the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology fifth. All other top 10 universities are from Europe and the US. In contrast with the QS ranking, European universities are well represented in the THE top 10. Switzerland’s École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne is second, France’s Université Pierre et Marie Curie is sixth, and the UK’s York, Lancaster and East Anglia universities are eighth, ninth and 10th respectively. UC Irvine is fourth and the University of California, Santa Cruz is seventh.
The QS ranking seems to draw directly on the data used for its World University Ranking. Twenty-three countries are represented, led by Australia with 10 universities, followed by the UK with seven. While Asian universities are solidly represented at the top of the table, it is Australia that dominates in terms of the number of institutions listed in the Top 50, reflecting its economic position at the crossroads between East and West. In contrast, North America is represented by just one US university and three from Canada.
THE says it has 'recalibrated' its World University Rankings data “to better reflect the profile of younger institutions”. Although its best 'Under 50' universities fail to top the table, the UK has more institutions – 20 – in the THE list than any other nation. Australia follows with 14, while the US – which dominates the traditional World University Rankings – has just nine representatives.
In total, 30 countries or regions are represented in the top 100 – compared to just 26 in the THE World University Rankings top 200. Phil Baty, editor of the THE rankings, said the selective ranking was a clear warning to the traditional elites in the US and UK that “new powers in higher education and research are quickly emerging”.
“The heritage institutions need to watch their backs. With focused investment, innovation, strategic vision and lots of talent, some institutions have managed to achieve in a matter of years what the traditional elite universities have developed over many generations. The landscape is changing quickly and the old global hierarchies cannot rest on their laurels.
“Asian institutions are showing great strength, and investment taking place in the Gulf, for example, is very promising.”
He suggested that the Under 50 ranking was an “extraordinary example” to all those nations who aspire to develop world-class research-led global universities.
“Those of the top of this list show what can be achieved in a short time with the political will and the right resources, while those lower down give a real insight into which institutions could be future global stars.”
Ben Sowter, head of the QS Intelligence Unit, said: “Asia’s superior performance compared to Western universities established within the same time frame is testament to Asia’s dynamism.”
He added: “After Australia, the UK is the most represented country in this table – although this will change during the next few years as the youngest of the UK entrants were established in 1966.
“Perhaps the most interesting question is whether there is a next generation of post-1992 British universities ready to make a mark on the QS World University Rankings and whether recent funding reforms in British higher education will either help, or hinder, their ambitions.”
The Under 50 rankings from the two rivals are clearly directed less at would-be students, to whom the age of a university is likely to be much less relevant than its academic performance, and more at policy-makers – and, potentially, marketing departments.

Posté par pcassuto à 00:02 - - Permalien [#]