http://www.etf.europa.eu/webatt.nsf/0/710C5F98BD18D621C12579980054EEED/$File/The%20Torino%20Process.pngEvery two years the European Training Foundation invites its partner countries to review the state of their vocational education and training (VET) policies and systems (the first round of the reviews was carried out in 2010 and 22 of ETF's 29 partner countries participated). This paper provides an introduction to the process, its analytical framework, a list of indicators and their definitions. Download The Torino Process.
Introduction
In 2010 the European Training Foundation (ETF) launched the first round of the Torino Process, in which 22 of its 29 partner countries participated. In May 2011 the ETF organised a conference entitled ‘The Torino Process – Learning from Evidence’, which brought together over 250 stakeholders from all ETF partner countries, EU institutions, EU member states and the international community. In the final Declaration (see Annex 2), conference participants welcomed the Torino Process approach, endorsed the findings from the first exercise, including a number of common priority areas and short-term actions, and encouraged the ETF to work further to build capacity in evidence-based policy making. In addition, partner countries confirmed their interest in taking part in the next round of the Torino Process.
1.1 WHAT IS THE TORINO PROCESS?
The Torino Process is a participatory process leading to an evidence-based analysis of vocational education and training (VET) policies in a given country.
The Torino Process is carried out in order to build consensus on the possible ways forward in VET policy and system development. This includes the determination of the state of the art and vision for VET in each country or, after a given period, an assessment of the progress that countries are making in achieving the desired results.
The added value of the Torino Process lies in the fact that it embeds VET within the socioeconomic context, and ensures that the analysis is informed by relevant evidence and takes place through structured dialogue. In this respect, the ETF helps countries to gather information from different sources of evidence and fosters policy dialogue.
More specifically, the Torino Process is a vehicle for:
- developing a common understanding of a medium-term vision, priorities and strategy for VET development, exploring possible options for implementing this vision and/or making further progress;
- designing and evaluating home-grown and affordable VET policies, based on evidence or knowledge and collaboration;
- updating the analyses and achievements at regular intervals;
- providing opportunities for capacity development and policy learning within and among partner countries and with the EU;
- empowering countries to better coordinate the contributions of donors to achieving agreed national priorities.
In addition, the Torino Process informs the ETF’s recommendations to the EU’s external assistance instruments and serves as a basis for the design of the ETF’s support strategy to partner countries.
The Torino Process has been inspired by policy assessment processes at EU level, notably the Copenhagen Process in VET and the 2010 Bruges Communiqué. Indeed, the Torino Process in partner countries complements the review of progress towards the common EU VET policies, objectives and tools under the Bruges Communiqué. This complementarity facilitates mutual learning between the EU and partner countries.
The Torino Process is founded on four principles.
- Ownership of both the process and the results (final report) by the partner country’s policy leaders and stakeholders. This includes seeking complementarity between the Torino Process and the national policy agenda and/or other relevant processes.
- Broad participation in the process by relevant stakeholder groups, including parliamentary committees, policy leaders, social partner representatives, school managers, teachers, local authorities, company representatives, researchers and civil society representatives. This provides the basis for reflections and consensus building by local actors, thus making the connection between policy analysis and agreements about policy choices and implementation.
- A holistic approach, using a broad concept of VET for both young people and adults and adhering to a system approach, taking into account not only the system elements and how they communicate, but also how the VET system responds to the economic and social environment in which it operates. The Analytical Framework comprises the policy vision for VET, an analysis of the external and internal efficiency of the system, and governance and financing issues.
- An evidence or knowledge-based assessment, which is seen as essential for countries to make informed decisions about policy developments and to measure progress.
Evidence can take many forms, such as experience and evaluation of practice, the results of scientific analyses, quantitative and qualitative research, basic and applied research, and the development of statistics and indicators. Education and training are part of the diverse cultural traditions and identities of countries and they interact with a web of other policies. In these circumstances, there can be no simple prescriptions about what makes good policy or practice. This makes it all the more important to know as much as possible about what works, for whom, under what circumstances and with what outcomes (European Commission, 2007) Download The Torino Process.