CVET is highly developed in Cyprus and it is provided in a multitude of settings by public promoters and numerous public and private providers. The major influence in this development has been the establishment and operation of the Human Resource Development Authority, HRDA (Archi Anaptyxis Anthropinou Dynamikou, AnAD), a semi-government organisation, which approves and subsidises training programmes implemented by public and private institutions and enterprises. Moreover, private institutions such as colleges, training institutions, consultancy firms and enterprises offer a variety of courses for adults, including many that are not subsidised by the HRDA.
The elaboration of a comprehensive Lifelong Learning (LLL) Strategy for Cyprus is one of the prominent measures contained in the National Lisbon Program for Cyprus. The Planning Bureau, PB (Grafeio Programmatismou, GP) has the responsibility to coordinate the elaboration of the strategy, which was discussed with the social partners and will be submitted for approval to the Council of Ministers.
In recent years, the number of participants in adult education and training has increased dramatically. Recent developments for lifelong learning include:
* The continuous upgrading and enrichment of the training and development schemes of the HRDA, which is the dominant actor in the field of vocational training and development. Its establishment and operations changed the training scene and greatly influenced the development of the training market in Cyprus.
* The University of Cyprus, UCY (Panepistimio Kyprou, PK), which was established in 1992, although it does not yet offer any adult education courses. The establishment of the Open University of Cyprus, which has accepted the first students in September 2006.
* The public Technological University of Cyprus (Technologiko Panepistimio Kyprou, TEPAK) has also been established and expected to accept its first students in September 2007.
* The first private universities in Cyprus are expected to operate in the academic year 2007-2008, mainly from the existing private institutions of tertiary education.
* The establishment of Vocational Schools of Lifelong Learning (Epaggelmatikes Scholes Dia Viou Ekpaidefsis, ESDE) is currently being planned by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Training for unemployed people and others vulnerable to exclusion in the labour market
The full utilisation of human resources in conditions of social cohesion and equal opportunities is a priority as has been described in the National Strategic Reference Framework for Cohesion Policy 2007-2013, NSRF (Ethniko Stratigiko Plaisio Anaforas gia tin Politiki Synoxis, ESPA). Furthermore, specific measures for the unemployed and other groups vulnerable to exclusion in the labour market are described in the National Lisbon Programme (Ethniko Schedio Drasis gia ti Stratigiki tis Lissavonas) and in the Community Initiative Programme “EQUAL”, CIP EQUAL.
CVET at the initiative of enterprises or social partners involves mainly:
* Measures to support training in SMEs.
* Measures to support training for civil servants and for employees in specific economic sectors.
* Social partner based schemes to support non-job related training.
CVET at the initiative of the individual
The only source of data regarding participation in education and training at the initiative of the individual is the “Lifelong Learning in Cyprus 2003” survey. This is the first survey on lifelong learning in Cyprus. It was conducted as part of the Labour Force Survey, LFS (Erevna Ergatikou Dynamikou, EED) of 2003. The results of the survey refer to the participation of the population of Cyprus aged 15 and over in formal education, non-formal education or informal learning activities.
CVET είναι ιδιαίτερα αναπτυγμένη στην Κύπρο και υπό την προϋπόθεση ότι είναι σε μια σειρά από ρυθμίσεις από δημόσιους φορείς και πολλών δημόσιων και ιδιωτικών φορέων. Η σημαντική επιρροή σε αυτή την εξέλιξη υπήρξε η ίδρυση και λειτουργία της Αρχής Ανάπτυξης Ανθρώπινου Δυναμικού, ΑνΑΔ (Archi ΑΝΑΠΤΥΞΗΣ Anthropinou Dynamikou, ANAD), μια ημι-κυβερνητική οργάνωση, η οποία εγκρίνει και επιχορηγεί προγράμματα κατάρτισης που εφαρμόζονται από δημόσια και ιδιωτικά ιδρύματα και επιχειρήσεις.